An aptitude test, by definition, is any type of assessment that evaluates the talent/ability/potential to perform a certain task, with no prior knowledge and/or training. To simplify this aptitude test definition, think about the following examples: a true/false/cannot say verbal reasoning test could help a legal firm evaluate the ability of a lawyer to draw conclusions from legal documents. A concentration test could help a rail operator evaluate a driver's ability to keep focused while being involved in the monotonous work of driving a train.
One of the most common forms of psychometric tests is number based. Mathematics is crucial in everyday life and in almost all professions. This is why they are such a common feature in psychometric testing. There are two distinct levels of numerical tests: numeracy tests and numerical reasoning tests.
Numerical Literacy and Basic Arithmetic Operations: The basic test structure consists of 4 operations, basic calculations and use of a calculator. For more information, visit our basic numeracy page.
Numerical Reasoning: The basic test structure consists of applying interpretation and analysis skills to reach conclusions. It's used in jobs dealing with higher level numerical data. For more information, visit our numerical reasoning page.
Verbal reasoning tests are language based tests tailored to see how well the applicant can read and analyse a text or apply logical thinking on text based riddles. Verbal testing structure is typically in the form of text analysis and linguistically based questions.
Text Analysis - In most cases, the test includes a passage followed by 3-4 related questions. The questions require basic reading comprehension or the ability to draw logical conclusions based on the information provided in the text. The questions are usually multiple choice, with true/false/cannot say being one of the most popular types.
Linguistically Based Questions - Included in this category are word analogies and odd one-out questions where quick analysis of words and their meanings is vital. These questions are shorter and require a background knowledge of the vocabulary at hand. For more information, visit our verbal reasoning page.
While verbal reasoning is language based, language aptitude or literacy skills tests are an assessment of your level of language and your ability to communicate clearly to others through writing. The test structure focuses on the applicant's knowledge in areas such as spelling, grammar, sentence structure and the general ability to use language proficiently. More information on language aptitude tests can be found here.
Abstract reasoning is a broad category that includes tests which ask you to draw logical conclusions based on information expressed through shapes, patterns and words. The major abstract reasoning tests used and discussed below are inductive, deductive and diagrammatic reasoning.
Inductive reasoning involves using specific information to make general conclusions. Tests in this area often include a series of shapes or matrices where you need to decide which answer comes next in the series or which one is missing to complete the series. For examples of this type of test, please see our inductive reasoning page.
Diagrammatic reasoning involves drawing logical conclusions based on visual representations. This type of test uses letters, numbers and shapes to express information. You need to decipher the rules of the diagram in order to answer the questions. To learn more about this test, its complexities, and structure, please visit our diagrammatic reasoning page.
These tests are designed to assess your logical thinking. Deduction questions may examine your ability to apply a set of rules ("theory") onto a specific example. Deductive reasoning tests can fall into three categories - verbal, numerical, and nonverbal. While these categories utilise the same skills, non-verbal reasoning uses shapes and patterns to display information while verbal uses words and numerical uses numbers.
These assess a candidate's ability for a wide array of technical jobs, e.g. technicians, plant operators, engineers, etc. Included in this category are spatial and mechanical reasoning, error checking and concentration tests. These tests do not, in most cases, require prior knowledge of technical concepts, but rather indicate your aptitude for technical skills.
Spatial reasoning, awareness, and orientation are all different names for the same test which assesses your ability to examine and navigate two and three dimensional spaces. These tests use images and diagrams depicting mirror reflections, cubes, perspectives, and two dimensional shape organization in the questions. For more information about these tests, their structure, and sample tests, visit our spatial reasoning page.
Mechanical and electrical reasoning tests either evaluate basic understanding of physics concepts, based on GCSE/high-school knowledge, or the aptitude/intuition to understand such concepts. For more information, visit our mechanical reasoning test page.
Error checking tests are commonly found in recruitment processes as they are an indication of your attention to detail and error spotting skills. The tests normally involve a list of numeric and alphanumeric data and you need to spot the inconsistencies in the data itself. Receive more information, test examples, and review test structure on our dedicated error checking page.
Concentration tests are used at a range of job levels where high level of concentration is necessary to perform specific tasks. These are simple to look at but the speed and accuracy required make these difficult to focus on, not to mention how you are shown the same or similar information over and over again. Find out more about concentration tests on our dedicated page.