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What is an Aptitude Test?

An aptitude test, by meaning, is any type of assessment that evaluates the talent/ability/potential to perform a certain task, with no prior knowledge and/or training. To simplify this aptitude test definition, think about the following examples: a true/false/cannot say verbal reasoning test could help a legal firm evaluate a lawyer's ability to draw conclusions from legal documents.

Meanwhile, a concentration test could help a rail operator evaluate a driver's ability to stay focused while involved in the monotonous work of driving a train. Bottom line, there are many different types of aptitude tests used by employers during the recruitment process.


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Aptitude Questions and Answers

Below you will find several sample questions with answers from some of the most common aptitude tests used by employers:


Numerical Reasoning Example

numerical reasoning question sample 1

If the owner lived 3 times longer than his dog, let the dog be X and the owner be 3X. Now we can build the equation:

3X+X= 96



The owner is 3X= 72

The question can also be solved by trying the answers instead of writing a formula. For example:

If answer A is correct, the owner is 24 years old, and the dog would be 24/3 = 8 years old. Together they would be 24+8 = 32 years old. Seeing that this number is much too small, it would be wise to move to a much bigger number.

If answer D is correct, the owner is 72 years old, and the dog would be 72/3 = 24 years old. Together they would be 72+24 = 96 years old.

Note: because the owner is 3 times older than his dog, and their sum of ages is a whole number, the owner's age must be divided by 3 without a remainder. Thus, answers B and C (34 and 58) can be eliminated immediately.

Verbal Reasoning Example


The best answer is C.

If price charged is used as the main guide to the painting's quality, then the more expensive it is, the higher the quality the buyer judges it to be. Since it is perceived to be of higher quality, it is likely to sell well.

Logical Reasoning Example



The correct answer is 3.

Take a look at the top row, going from left to right. The frames change in the following way:

All the shapes from the left frame are rearranged as follows in the centre frame: the bottom shape is placed within the (slightly enlarged) middle shape, which in turn is placed within the (enlarged) top shape. Therefore, in the centre frame we have a small L shape (from the bottom of the left frame), within a larger down arrow (from the middle of the left frame), within an even larger square (from the top of the left frame).

The right frame is similar to the centre frame, with the following two differences:

  1. The centre shape (in this case the L-shape) is elongated.
  2. The middle shape has been replaced by the middle shape from the left frame of the previous row (in this case the bottom row).

This pattern is repeated in each row. We can eliminate choice 5 because the pentagon in the background has been flipped and is not the same as in the centre frame. We can eliminate choice 1 because the centre shape (the pie-shape) is not elongated. Finally, we can eliminate choices 2 and 4 as they should have a middle shape that is similar to the middle shape of the left frame of the previous row, but they do not. (In choice 4 the middle shape has not changed at all but remains a triangle, and in choice 5 the middle shape has changed to that of the following [or in this case the top] row).

Therefore we are left with answer choice 3 as the only correct answer.

Types of Aptitude Tests

After applying for a job, you will likely be required to take some sort of aptitude test. As stated previously, there are a variety of aptitude tests used by employers today. The purpose of these tests is to ensure that you possess the necessary skills to carry out and perform the duties associated with the role being offered.

These tests fall into several categories and different test types, including but not limited to:


These tests assess your ability to answer questions dealing with graphs, tables, number sequence, and word problems. The level of arithmetic required to answer the questions in your numerical reasoning assessment will depend on the position you have applied for. You Test you level by taking your free sample test or fully prepare with one of our tailored packs. Choose your best fit here

These assessments are used to evaluate your ability to understand the information and tone expressed through written text. During your verbal reasoning assessment, you will be asked to answer whether the statement following a passage can be verified by the information provided. You will be asked to answer by selecting ‘true’, ‘false’, or ‘cannot say’ for each statement. Try it out by taking your free verbal test or choose your specific solution from our tailored verbal prepPacks™ and start getting better today.

Logical tests are often non-verbal in nature. A few examples of logical reasoning tests can be found below:

Abstract Reasoning: During an abstract reasoning test you will be asked to draw logical conclusions based on the information expressed through shapes, patterns and words.

Inductive Reasoning: These tests often include a series of shapes or matrices. You will need to decide which image comes next in a series, or which one is missing in order to complete the series.

Deductive Reasoning: These tests are designed to examine your ability to apply a set of rules onto a specific example.

Diagrammatic Reasoning: These tests involve drawing logical conclusions based on visual representations. Diagrammatic reasoning tests are like abstract, inductive and deductive reasoning tests.

A language or literacy test is used to assess your understanding of grammar and ability to spell. These tests are important for jobs that require a high level of English. To see how we can prepare you for your English skills test, click here.

These tests are administered for technically oriented job positions such as skilled and non-skilled technicians, mechanics, machine operators and more. They are designed to gain insight into your numerical, visual, mechanical and/or spatial skills. For more information regarding technical tests and the best way to practise for them, click here.

During your spatial reasoning test, you will be assessed on your ability to navigate 2D and 3D images. These tests evaluate your spatial visualisation, mental folding and mental rotation abilities, as well as your spatial and visuospatial function. Take your Free Spatial Sample Test or get the full prep solution here

Mechanical and electrical aptitude tests assess your basic understanding of mechanical and electrical concepts and terminology. Depending on your job level, the test you take may also require higher levels of analysis, including some amount of numerical calculations and an industry-specific context. Take your Mechanical free test or choose from our test specific tailored prepPacks™.

These tests are used to assess you on your attention to detail and your ability to spot errors. Error-checking tests are used in a number of different industries, including marketing, education, hospitality, engineering, etc. For additional information regarding error-checking tests, click here.

These tests require you to be able to perform specific tasks quickly and accurately. Concentration tests are often given as part of the recruitment process for many roles including administrative and clerical, pilots, train drivers and other railway workers. For more information regarding concentration tests, click here.


The tests mentioned above will often be provided by many different test providers. It is best to find out which provider the company you have applied for uses prior to sitting your pre-employment test.

But to make things simple we took the liberty to craft all-inclusive comprehensive prep bundles for the most commonly used test providers:

SHL Kenexa
Saville Talent Q
Cubiks cut-e


Before You Buy: Practise our Popular Tests for Free 

 gift free sample test

 Numerical Reasoning
 Verbal Reasoning
 Inductive Reasoning
 Mechanical Reasoning
 Spatial Reasoning
 Situational Judgement

Aptitude Test Structure

There is not a single common aptitude test structure; the format and the content of aptitude tests can vary greatly between one test provider to another, the same can be said for different job levels and positions within the same company.

The typical aptitude test structure is comprised of 3 - 5 test sections (verbal, numerical, etc.). Each section includes 10 - 30 questions, depending on the complexity of the questions (the more complex the test, fewer questions will be asked) and the knowledge level required of the candidate for that specific skill (the higher the job level, the more questions that will be asked).

Completing a series of aptitude tests normally takes at least an hour of the candidates' time, but usually no more than 3 hours with possible breaks between sections.

Can Aptitude Be Improved?

Aptitude can most certainly be improved regardless of the test you are taking. This improvement will come, like with most things, through practise. Practising for your aptitude tests will stimulate your learning process and help you understand the various concepts you are being tested on.

jobtestprep expert tips

How to Prepare: Tips & Tricks for Passing Your Aptitude Test

The broad variety of aptitude tests make it difficult to assemble one encompassing set of tools for solving the different type of questions. That said, there are general rules of thumb that if implemented will ensure a better outcome for you come test day.

For in-depth test-specific tips visit our Free Aptitude tests page. There you will find all our free tests and study guides that cover techniques for solving specific tests and questions.


Before Your Test

        1. Find out which test you will be taking. Do your research or ask the employer directly which test provider they use to administer their pre-employment tests. If that is not an option, you may have some luck searching forums where previous applicants have posted about the hiring process. Knowing the provider and the type of test you will be taking will allow you to practise with the right materials in the correct format.
        2. Practise online. Most aptitude tests are administered online. By practising online, you will become familiar and more comfortable with this form of test-taking. Practising online will also get you used to testing under the strict time constraints associated with online tests.
        3. Practise in a quiet place. Practising in a quiet place free of distractions is key if you wish to stimulate your learning process. Practising in this kind of environment will help improve your mental focus, thus increasing your ability to learn as you go.
        4. Refine your logical thinking skills. This can be done with various puzzles and pattern games.
        5. Refine your numerical reasoning skills. Be sure to review graphs, charts, and statistics interpretations as well as practice your general maths.
        6. Refine your verbal reasoning skills. You can do so by reading news items or newspapers. Think about the different ways a story could be interpreted and be sure to look out for commonly misspelled words or grammatical errors.
        7. Familiarise yourself with different solving methods. Each aptitude test comes with its own set of solving methods and strategies. Learning these strategies will help you to take your test with confidence and give you the power to answer each question both quickly and accurately.
        8. Learn and utilise the most common formulas used for the type of test you will be taking. This tip is handy for those of you who are taking either a maths or physics-based assessment. Reviewing the most common question types and the formulas used to solve them will put you at a definite advantage over other candidates taking the test.


During Your Test - Additional Tips

        1. Be sure to listen carefully to any instructions that you are given as they may be crucial to completing the test correctly.
        2. Take what is offered: If you are provided with a few practice questions, take the opportunity to complete them.
        3. Don't hesitate to ask for clarifications: If there is anything that you don’t understand (regarding directions or time limits), this is the time to ask for clarification.


We offer Specialised Aptitude Test PrepPacks™ compiled by our team of experts. Get immediate access to full mock practice tests, study guides and video tutorials for the widest variety of aptitude tests available on the net 

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Aptitude Test FAQs

Below you will find several frequently asked questions regarding aptitude tests:

Aptitude tests consist of questions used to assess a variety of skills desired by employers. You will either be presented questions concerning a passage (verbal reasoning), basic/advanced maths (numerical reasoning), images and patterns (abstract reasoning), mechanical concepts (mechanical reasoning) and so on depending on the roles. Aptitude tests are usually administered online and under strict time constraints.

When answering questions on an aptitude test, you should first start by reading the test section’s instructions. This will give you an idea of what the section is about, how many questions you will need to answer and the amount of time you will have to answer them. For some tests, it is best to read the questions prior to the associated passages, tables or graphs, while for others you will need to quickly discern which formula or physical concept you will need to solve. Practising for your assessment will also help you to answer each question both quickly and accurately.

The meaning of reasoning according to the dictionary is ‘the action of thinking about something in a logical or sensible way’. Reasoning tests assess your ability to understand a situation by considering/recognising various perspectives, while also acknowledging, extracting and deciphering facts, opinions and assumptions. You can improve your reasoning skills by training your brain with practise.

Many professions require some basic level of understanding when it comes to numeracy skills. You can improve your numeracy skills by using practice materials specifically geared at growing your knowledge of and the correct approach to numeracy problems. Our specialised PrepPacks™ can help you tackle numeracy questions for a variety of levels including basic, intermediate and advanced. Improving these skills can lead to a wider selection of job opportunities as well as prospects of better pay.

Critical thinking or critical reasoning is important to employers because they want to see that when dealing with an issue, you can make logical decisions without involving emotions. There are quite a few ways to improve your logical skills, however, practise is one of the most effective. This is especially true if you will be taking a test centred around this concept. Using our expertly compiled PrepPacks™ can help you to improve your logical abilities with daily practise.

Aptitude tests give employers insight into your measurable skillsets. These things are not easily discernible by reading your CV or during a sit-down interview. Your aptitude test score can tell the employer whether you are the right fit for the role they are offering. It is important to do your best during these tests to stand out from the crowd and land the job you want.

Employers use aptitude tests to evaluate the skillsets necessary for the role being advertised. Your final score will often determine whether you will be admitted to participate in the next stages of the recruitment process. Aptitude tests are either administered once your application has been submitted and screened for the interview, or for the assessment centre process. How you prepare will have a major effect on your overall score. Your goal when taking an aptitude test is to score higher than other candidates to set yourself apart.

A computer-based aptitude test is the most common form of pre-employment test that you will run into during the recruitment process. These tests are usually administered online in the beginning stages or as part of the interview or assessment centre.

There are many different types of aptitude that can be tested for. The most common forms of aptitude tests used by employers include those for abstract, numerical, verbal, spatial and mechanical reasoning. These tests are used to demonstrate your measurable skills that are desired most by employers.

Aptitude can be defined as having a natural skill or as the capacity for learning a new skill. For employers, aptitude often applies to your ability to quickly learn the tasks associated to the job they are advertising. These skills will often include your verbal, numerical and abstract reasoning abilities as well as your situational judgement. It is possible to improve your aptitude skills through practise.

Take Measures to Prepare for Your Aptitude Test

Aptitude tests can be a serious obstacle to acquiring a new job. The most tried and true method for passing any aptitude test would be to practice beforehand. Practising allows you to familiarise yourself with the test format, question types and solving methods associated with the test you are taking.

Knowing what to expect prior to your testing day will greatly improve your confidence and ability to achieve a high score.

Finding the right materials can be tricky if you aren’t sure what you need. For this reason, our team of experts has compiled both comprehensive generic psychometric PrepPacks™ and tailored materials stylised after specific test providers. No matter which packs you choose, know that we put the work in to make sure you are getting the most thorough our online assessment test preparation.

Our packs come equipped with practice tests, additional practice questions, answer explanations, study guides, video tutorials and more.

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