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The questions in the Alva Labs Logic Test are presented as 3x3 matrices, in which you're asked to find the missing tile marked by a question mark (?).

Over 90% of the time, these matrices follow one or more of the following 5 logical rules:

Note: These sample questions are very basic and significantly easier than on the real test.

### Alva Labs Test Pattern 1: Progression

In this kind of matrix, the object changes, or rather progresses with every step throughout the row or the column (the direction may vary). ✔️ The correct answer is D.

In this example, in each step, one rhombus shape is added to the frame. This rule applies to both the rows and the columns.

In the rows, the addition progresses in a clockwise direction.

In the columns, it progresses in an anticlockwise direction.

### Alva Labs Test Pattern 2: Rotation

In questions of this type, the figures in the matrix rotate in a determined pattern across either rows or columns. ✔️ The correct answer is E

You can see that the figure rotates upon its axis at 90° clockwise in each frame (looking from left to right).

It makes sense to look at the changes occurring in the rows from left to right, as the missing figure is the rightmost frame in the bottom row.

The missing figure, then, is the one which completes this pattern.

Look at the middle figure in the bottom row and picture what it would look like if it were turned 90° clockwise. This is your answer.

### Alva Labs Test Pattern 3: Frequency

In questions of this type, the relationship between certain features of the figures in the matrix determines the frequency and/or order of their appearance. Let’s look at an example: ✔️ The correct answer is D

In this sample question, the relationship is between the alignment of the shapes.

You can see that the pattern established in the top 2 rows is that two of the 3 shapes face a certain direction and the third shape faces the opposite direction.

Looking at the columns, you can see the relationship is of shapes.

### Alva Labs Test Pattern 4: Construction

In this kind of matrix, two objects from the same row or column are combined to form the third object. In simple matrices, this combination might look just like a simple addition equation. For example: ✔️ The correct answer is D

This question shows that the combination of any 2 consecutive blocks starting from the top left corner, either vertical or lateral, form a third block that combines both preceding blocks.

The combination of the 2 objects in the bottom row, or that of the 2 items in the right column form answer D.

Note: In more complicated matrices, the combination will not be as complete and immediately clear as in the example above. There might be certain rules that determine which parts of the objects combined will merge and which will not.

### Alva Labs Test Pattern 5: Motion

In motion matrices, the objects move (change their position) with each step. Usually, the motion is of one or more of the objects inside a frame.

To identify the movement of the inner object, it is useful to compare the outer object or frames across either the rows or columns. ✔️ The correct answer is B

In each frame, there are three shapes: a X, a heart shape, and a circle.

In each step, the three shapes move positions in a clockwise direction.

Therefore, in the correct answer, the X should be at the top-left corner of the frame, the circle at the bottom-left corner, and the heart at the bottom-right corner.

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