What is a Numerical Reasoning Test?A numerical reasoning test is a generic term for number based assessments which range from basic mathematics or arithmetic tests to high level numerical critical reasoning assessments. The variety of these test types corresponds to the numerous job levels and types these tests are used for, from high ranking senior management positions, graduate or managerial jobs to administrative and sales roles. Numerical tests are the most common type of aptitude or psychometric test applicants and candidates face in any assessment centre and recruitment process. At all levels, testers are assessed on their ability to understand and make decisions based on numerical data, a much needed skill in many jobs today.
Which Skills Do These Tests Measure?Numerical tests are designed to look at the range of skills and abilities needed to perform almost any job. Basic maths or computations skills such as the four basic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division), percentages, and ratios, to name a few, are all needed on a day to day basis. Being able to understand and analyse graphs and other numerical data is necessary for many graduate and management positions. If you are working in the finance or banking sector, financial reasoning skills are a must. Technical jobs often require applicants to have speed and concentration skills when working with numerical data. Critical reasoning is necessary for many high level positions and estimation skills for working quickly are a big advantage in many jobs. Learn more about these test types.
Numerical Reasoning Online Test with AnswersFor many, the struggle when preparing for tests is not finding the right questions but finding the answers. Without knowing whether your findings are correct or incorrect, you do not receive the practice and skill review you need to overcome these often challenging assessments. With numerical reasoning test packs from JTP, you get full length practice tests along with explanations, study guides and video tutorials to understand your upcoming assessment from every angle.
Getting Ready for Assessment Centres and Job Recruitment with JobTestPrepJobTestPrep has created a variety of numerical reasoning practice test packs to suit each and every need. Visit our shop page to find the right materials for you!
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Types of Numerical Tests One of the hardest parts of the preparation process is finding the right practice for yourself. As mentioned above, practice tests with answers can be a big help but this must come hand in hand with the correct test questions to help you prepare. Below is a list of the various types of numeracy tests you are likely to encounter along with the different question types used in the assessment. By understanding what each question’s goal is (whether it’s to test your abilities at manipulating numerical data or making quick estimations), you can not only prepare yourself for the test but for the job as well. Find out more by visiting our test type pages.
Basic Numeracy Basic numeracy tests, also known as numerical literacy tests or basic maths tests, are all about the foundations of maths. Having a good grasp of how to use the four basic operations, fractions, decimals, rounding numbers, averages and basic geometry is important for many jobs as companies often tests their candidates to make sure they have these key skills. The questions are often simple with short time frames in which to solve them. Find out more about these tests by visiting out basic numeracy test page.
Numerical Reasoning The term “numerical reasoning” is rather broad but it generally refers to tests where more than just basic arithmetic is concerned. There are four major topics which are covered in these tests:
In word problems, all of the information you need to answer the question is presented verbally, without the use of visual aids such as graphs or charts. The question is usually part of a short paragraph that sets up a situation, such as “Sally and Jim go to the market with £20 each,” and you are given the relevant information which provides the problem you need to solve. For example, “Sally buys four baskets of apples at £2.50 each. Jim buys a loaf of bread for twice as much as one of Sally’s apple baskets. How much did they spend together?” Your first step is to figure out what you are being asked and then to find the numbers you need to use. This is not simply adding or subtracting numbers but requires a logical understanding of the words in front of you.
Numerical or number series questions often look more complex than they really are. The question presents an incomplete series or sequence of numbers where you must either fill in the missing digits or find the next digit in the series. The digits in the series make up a numerical sequence which follows a logical or numerical rule and your major task in these questions is to find the rule that links the digits in the sequence. Learn more about number series questions by visiting our page.
Numerical Reasoning Charts: Graph and Table Questions
Charts in numerical reasoning questions are used to easily present data for the question and are a visual aid to help you understand the data under discussion. There are two types of charts used in numeracy tests: graphs and charts. A graph shows the relation between a number of different things or variables which are each measured along a pair of axes at right angles. For more information on both easy and complex graphs, check out our tips page. Tables show a set of facts and figures which are displayed according to a system to fit a lot of information into a small space. Get a better understanding of tables and table questions with our tips page.
Data Sufficiency Questions
These are a difficult type of question commonly seen on the GMAT and Rust Advanced Numerical Reasoning Appraisal (RANRA). Before giving the question, there are two statements, each giving a specific data set. Your task is to determine how sufficient these statements are to helping you answer the question: do you need the information from both statements? Is just one of them enough? Do neither of them help you? Does each statement have enough information on its own? For examples of these complex questions, visit our RANRA page.
These are the four types of questions you are bound to see on your numerical reasoning tests. For each type of question, you can encounter a variety of mathematical concepts such as the four functions, ratios, percentages, statistics, decimals, and fractions. It is unlikely that you will see a test that focuses on just one concept, such as a test only on percentage increases and decreases. Rather, many different concepts will be needed to answer the questions at hand.
Advanced Numerical Reasoning and Numerical Critical Reasoning TestsAdvanced numerical reasoning tests are used when advanced maths, analysis and data interpretation skills are required for the job. Often these tests include similar maths concepts to the numerical questions seen above and are simply considered more difficult as they include numerous charts to read and more calculations to make. You may also need to use information from outside of the question, such as formulas which may or may not be provided on the test. Numerical critical reasoning tests are often a type of advanced numerical test, however these tests and questions are difficult to characterise as each assessment company sets their own standards. One thing common to these tests is that very accurate and precise calculations are needed to solve the maths problems.
Currency and Unit Conversion Tests Conversion tests of all kinds work along the same basic concept; using a formula to convert one amount into another in terms of specific units. The most common types of conversion tests are currency conversion and unit conversion tests and they are used in aptitude tests for many different jobs. Note that you may face a test in which all the questions deal with conversions, or you may face conversion questions as part of a larger numerical reasoning test. Learn more about currency and unit conversion tests on our tips page.
Non-Calculator TestsSome numerical tests do not allow the use of a calculator as they are an assessment of your mental mathematical ability. While it is common to have a time limit on aptitude tests in general, non-calculator tests move particularly quickly. The questions on these tests can be made up of the concepts in the regular numerical reasoning tests seen above, however the numbers you are asked to work with are easier to calculate without the aid of a calculator. Learn more about non-calculator tests and how to train yourself on our dedicated page.
Numerical Tests by Candidate’s Experience LevelThe job level you are applying to often determines the type or level of numeracy test you will encounter. Not only is the level of difficulty different between the tests but you may also find that the topics and contexts of the questions change, focusing on easier or more difficult concepts. For more information, visit our experience level pages.
Operational, Business Support and General Staff Tests
This level of numerical tests is designated for general staff, operational and business support roles which can refer to sales roles, customer service and other roles that do not require a lot of experience or previous training. Often, the test is geared toward the position, so for example tests for sales roles will include questions on making change or calculating new prices based on discounts. Note that the tables and graphs included in these tests are quite simple and do not requiring further analysis, but some basic arithmetic will be required to answer the questions. Explore our practice tests at this level by visiting our dedicated page.
University Graduates and Management Tests
Numerical tests for graduate programmes and for management applicants are considered mid-level tests as they require more analysis and calculations than general staff tests without the complexity seen in senior management tests. Numerical tests in general are most commonly found at this level as this is where competition for positions with prominent companies is highest. Be prepared for both basic maths questions along with questions involving analysis of numerical data by trying our graduate level tests.
Senior Management Tests
Applicants for senior management positions can expect more difficult numerical tests, often similar to advanced tests. These assessments contain more information, such as tables or graphs, calculations, statistics or other numerical data. The information is often more complex as well, increasing both the quality and quantity of the data. Remember, as a senior manager you will be overseeing many people and projects at once so being able to sort through lots of material is necessary for the job. If you’re looking for more information on these tests, make sure to check out our senior management pack.
Numerical Tests by Position TypeNumerical tests can also change depending on the position or field they are intended for. This way, employers can check if the applicants have the specific numerical knowledge needed for the job. For instance, many healthcare providers such as nurses, paramedics, midwives and healthcare assistants are required to have a good working knowledge of how to calculate and administer the right amount of different medications and a drug calculations test is used to examine how quickly and accurately candidates can make those calculations. Explore our pages to find out more about these tests and how to prepare.
Major Assessment CompaniesThe assessment company producing the test says a lot about what you are facing. Each company has a different test format, question style, time limit and level of difficulty. The most common assessment companies providing numerical reasoning tests for job assessments today are:
Browse our assessment company numerical page for more options and information.
How can JobTestPrep Help Prepare for These Tests?Numerical Reasoning Test performance can definitely be improved through practice. Exposure to the type of questions used in real tests and as well as understanding the underlying principles of each topic are the key to success. Further, ongoing 'hands on' practice is guaranteed to increase your confidence and improve your response times.
Apart from practice tests, we have a range of products and materials to help you prepare. Make sure to explore our tips videos to get some pointers on how you can make your performance better. If you are looking for some one-to-one guidance, we offer Skype-based numerical tuition services which you can book ahead of time to get in that much needed revision.
We hope you have found this information helpful and we encourage you to explore all of our numerical reasoning pages to learn more about these tests and how you can ensure you are fully prepared for test day.