Free Abstract Reasoning Practice Test with Questions, Answers, and Explanations

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The questions on this free Abstract Reasoning practice test are a true representation of the questions you'll face on the actual Abstract Reasoning Aptitude Test.

These Abstract Reasoning sample questions were specifically chosen from our full Abstract Reasoning test practice pack to help improve your score and ace your pre-employment process.

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Free Abstract Reasoning Practice Questions

Next In Series Questions + Solutions

Sample Question 1:

Choose the image that completes the pattern (From left to right): 

Next In Series Question

The correct answer is (D)

Each circle is divided into six portions; three pairs of identical shapes are located in opposite cells; the grey pieces rotate clockwise. All the inner parts rotate in a counter-clockwise direction. It is not easy to recognise the presence of the three pairs. However, one can reach the same conclusions using other clues. For instance, one may note that the same couple of shapes appear in the first and fourth items of the sequence, as is the second and fifth items. It is only logical that the next item of the series will include two hearts located in the right and left cells. This reasoning should lead us to narrow the possible answer to options (A) and (D). Figuring out the grey portions' movement pattern leaves us with possible options (B) and (D). Combining these two conclusions, and we're left with choice (D) as the only option to comply with this problem's reasoning.

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Sample Question 2:

Choose the image that completes the pattern (From left to right):

Next In Series Question

The correct answer is A

The logic: The inner shape in one frame becomes the middle shape in the next frame; the central form becomes the outer shape in the next frame, and the external form becomes the inner shape two frames later.

Thus, the outer shape in the missing frame should be a square (just like the middle shape in the 5th frame), the central form should be a triangle (like the inner shape in the 5th frame), and the internal structure should be a diamond (like the outer shape in the 4th frame).

Tip: The main challenge associated with Next In Series questions is the way in which they push the line between objective and subjective interpretations. Test takers are likely to find rules that are based on things they have seen before, and less likely to find rules that are anchored in themes and concepts they are unfamiliar with. To easily locate the sole correct interpretation, it is helpful to familiarise yourself with the type of patterns test publishers like to include.

In Next In Series exercises, there are several images arranged in a row. Your job is to understand the pattern so that you can find the omitted image. This is not always easy, with test-makers often implementing tactics of misdirection, including features that seem relevant to the pattern but are, in fact, arbitrary. The time pressure and cognitive load as you try to come up with and test various theories certainly add to the challenge. 

Despite all this, Next In Series questions are a skill that can be acquired like any other. You can improve your logical reasoning by answering more Next in Series questions. Other Abstract Reasoning practice questions are included in Saville Assessment, Korn Ferry TestsCCAT, SHL, and Aon cut-e.

Want to Practise Next In Series Questions?

You can use our unique Abstract Reasoning Practice Pack, which features comprehensive prep material for these types of questions.

Next, we will tackle a similar type of question. While Next In Series features a single row (or column) of images with a pattern that runs left-to-right (or top-to-bottom), matrices feature rows AND columns and patterns that run vertically AND diagonally.

Don't panic, though. We will show multiple examples and explain how to ace these questions

Matrices Questions + Solutions

Sample Question 3:

Next In Series Question

Choose the correct three figures to complete the sequence:

Next in series answer options

The correct answer is (B)

All shapes move to the right one step each row, where the rightmost shape moves to the leftmost position. Also, for each shape, the blackened half alternates every row.
Following this logic, we expect the order of shapes to be, from left to right – a triangle, a circle and a square, with blackened halves similarly as they were in the second row.

Sample Question 4:

Next In Series Question

Which of the following boxes should replace the question mark (?) to complete the pattern?

Next In Series Question Options

The correct answer is (E)

In this matrix, there are two rules:

The circle: Across a row (from left to right) the circle always remains in the same row but moves one column to the right in each successive frame. Down a column, in each frame, the circle is still in the same row but is in different columns.
The star: Across a row (from left to right) the star always remains in the same column but moves up one row in each successive frame. The star forever remains in the same row down a column but moves one column to the left in each succeeding frame.
(In the upper-right frame the star and circle end up in the same position and the circle covers the star).

We can eliminate the answer (A) because it is missing a circle. We can further eliminate answers (B) and (D), because the star is in the wrong position, and the answer (C) because it has the circle in the wrong place.

Therefore, we are left with the answer (E) choice as the only correct solution.

Sample Question 5:

Next In Series Question

Which of the following boxes should replace the question mark (?) to complete the pattern?

Next In Series Question Options

The correct answer is (C)

In this matrix:
In each row and column, one of the boxes is the combination of the other two boxes.

The two boxes are different (and do not contain a common element) down the third column. Therefore, the missing box should contain a combination of those two boxes. Notice also, that across the third row if the first box is combined with the second box, which is blank, it would produce a box identical to the first box.

Therefore, the correct answer is (C).

Abstract Reasoning Tests differ in three main ways: There are some tests that require the use of a more significant number of logical rules in order to formulate shapes correctly. There are also tests that use fewer, more complex rules. Finally, some tests give you more time for each question, while others give you less time. Most tests with more than three rules give test takers less than 30 seconds, whereas tests with fewer rules give them up to 45 seconds.

To get the most out of your prep, it is recommended to practice for the specific exam you are being slated to take.

Get started by clicking the name of YOUR abstract reasoning assessment:

Test Description  

SHL tests typically feature abstract reasoning questions. Read more about the SHL PrepPack

SHL Practice

The Saville Abstract Reasoning Test is one of a host of pre-employment aptitude tests offered by Saville. You can read more about Saville tests

Saville Practice

Aon, also known by its previous name 'cut-e', is famous for its innovative approach to testing. Read more about the Aon PrepPack.

Aon/cut-e Practice

The Alva Labs Logic test uses matrices, as seen on this page, to assess inductive reasoning. You can read more about the Alva Labs test.

Alva Labs Practice

Highly challenging, this matrix test invokes sharp logical and abstract intuition. Read about the Matrigma test.

Matrigma Practice

Yet another assessment that focuses on matrices, the Raven test is extremely ubiquitous and is the inspiration for the Talent Q Logical Assessment. Read more about The Raven's Progressive Matrices Test.

Raven's Practice

The University Clinical Aptitude Test (UCAT) is used to select applicants for medical and dental programmes. As you might expect, it is made to be quite difficult. You can read more about the UCAT.

UCAT Practice

The A-RAT 3R Abstract Reasoning Test published by Hudson is a unique test that uses its own question format. You can learn more about the Hudson Abstract Reasoning Assessment.

Hudson Practice

If your test isn't featured here, you can look for it using the search bar at the top of the page, or simply contact us!

Sample Question 6:

The following test shape belongs to:

Next In Series Question



The answer is (B) - set B.

Set A: The number of striped cylinders is always even. The stars seem to appear randomly, so we cannot use them to characterize this set; they are a diversion.
Set B: The number of stars is always odd, and one of them is always inside another shape. The cylinder pattern seems to be random, with changing colours, sizes, and positions; they are a diversion.

The test shape belongs to set B since it contains only one star (an odd number), which appears inside another shape. Additionally, you may notice that the number of striped cylinders is odd, so it does not match set A criteria.

Sample Question 7:

Next In Series Question

Which of the following boxes should replace the question mark (?) to complete the pattern?

Next In Series Question Options

The correct answer is (L)

The pop-up: In each row, the left cell consists of a duplication of the left symbol from the middle compartment and an addition of a new symbol between the two identical symbols. Thus, the correct answer is (L).

The complete logic: In each row, the symbols in the middle cell are a combination of the characters from the left and right (i.e. outer) cells so that:

  1. The left mark in the central compartment is identical to the outward symbols in the left cell.
  2. The right mark in the middle cell is similar to the middle mark in the right cell.
  3. The central symbols in the left and central cells and the outer symbols in the right cell are different from all the other symbols in the row.
    The only answer that follows this logic is (L).

Note: In the right column, the top cell's outer symbols (‘!’) are identical to the middle symbol in the central compartment is only a distraction. This logic does not apply to the rest of this column or any of the other columns.

Matrices are generally considered more difficult than Next In Series questions because the pattern isn't necessarily linear. The advantage with matrices, however, is that more images give you more context to try and understand the pattern. All-in-all, matrices are a formidable but surmountable challenge.

Practise Matrix Questions with Our PrepPack

A Matrix is a collection of separate images that follow a specific pattern. It is up to you to figure out which image will appear next by understanding the pattern.

Matrices are one of the most commonly used drills for abstract reasoning, appearing in tests such as the Alva Labs Test, Matrigma Test, and Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM).

Odd One Out Questions + Solutions

Sample Question 8:

Choose the odd one out:

Next In Series Question Options

The correct answer is (C)

The logic: In all of the options except for option three, a vertical line separates these boxes into two equal, symmetrical halves that mirror one another. If these boxes were pieces of paper that were folded vertically, the items in the boxes would be matching and perfectly identical. The right and left halves are mirror images of one another. This is not the case for option three. In option 3, there is no mirroring effect between the halves. Both hearts have to be on the top or on the box's bottom to be symmetrical.

You have probably noticed that the amount, type and colour of items are insignificant features and simply distracters.

In contrast to Matrices and Next in Series questions, odd one-out questions require deductive reasoning as well as inductive reasoning. The key is to identify a rule that describes all but one figures, and then determine which shape differs from the others in the series.

Access JobTestPrep’s Abstract Reasoning preparation to practise more odd-one-out exercises. Other Abstract Reasoning practice questions are included in Saville, CCAT, and Aon cut-e

Pass Your Abstract Reasoning Test

If you are looking to improve your abstract reasoning abilities and test scores, look no further. Our exclusive Abstract Reasoning PrepPack™ includes everything you need to pass your test.
From practice tests to study guides with full-answer explanations, we have got you covered. 

Abstract Reasoning PrepPack

Abstract, Inductive, Matrices, Study Guides and more

  • 11 next-in-series tests
  • 9 odd-one-out tests
  • 8 matrices tests
  • 3 analogies tests
  • 3 other styles tests
  • Score reports and comprehensive solving tips
  • Video tutorial and a study guide

Analogies Questions + Solutions

Sample Question 9:

Which option completes the sequence best?

Next In Series Question

The correct answer is (A)

The relationship between figure X and figure Y is as follows:

Figure Y represents figure X with:
1) The dotted section becoming white, and
2) The white area becoming shaded.

The correct answer must have the same relationship with figure Z.

Answer (B) can be eliminated as the blank section remains blank, and the dotted area becomes shaded instead of becoming blank.
Answer (C) can be eliminated as the dotted section remains dotted.
Answer (D) can be eliminated as the blank section becomes dotted instead of shaded, and the dotted area becomes shaded instead of blank.
Answer (E) can be eliminated as the blank section becomes dotted instead of shaded.

We are left with answer 1, which is the correct answer, as it portrays figure Z while the blank section becomes shaded and the dotted area becomes blank.

Sample Question 10:

Which option completes the sequence best?

Next In Series Question

The correct answer is (C)

Figure X and figure Y are as follows: figure Y is figure X flipped vertically.

The correct answer must have the same relationship as figure Z.

You can eliminate answer A, as it represents figure Z rotated 90° counterclockwise.
You can eliminate answer B, as it represents figure Z flipped vertically and rotated 90° counterclockwise.
You can eliminate answer D, as it represents figure Z flipped horizontally.
You can eliminate answer E, as it is identical to figure Z.

You are left with answer 3, which is the correct answer, as it is depicted in figure Z flipped vertically.

Visualizing the entire figure flipped vertically can be challenging, breaking figure Z into smaller parts and imagining those parts flipped independently. First, notice the two triangles: the outer triangle on the left-hand side and the inner triangle. If you try to visualize the outer triangle flipped vertically, you will realize it looks the same.
Based on this alone, you can already solve the problem. The only two answer choices that show the outer triangle unchanged are answers three and. As stated above, answer five can be eliminated since it is identical to figure Z.
If you want to examine further, notice that the inner triangle base in figure Z is on top.
In contrast, the triangle 'points down'. If it is then flipped vertically, the ground will be on the bottom while the triangle 'points up'.

There are two pairs of images presented in this series of questions. There will be one pair that is complete and one pair that is incomplete. There will be differences between the two pairs, despite their similar patterns. It is therefore necessary to identify what is alike in the first set so that it can be organically incorporated into the second set.

This test measures your ability to think laterally and fluidly to determine your ability to recognize patterns, rules, and trends in data. In this test, your future employer will be able to determine your ability to learn new skills, solve problems strategically, and analyse new information. Check out these Abstract Reasoning Analogies questions. Other Abstract Reasoning practice questions are included in Saville, CCAT, and Aon cut-e.

Want to Practice More?

Challenge yourself with more Abstract Reasoning sample questions. Find additional practice questions in Saville, CCAT, and Aon cut-e.

Continue Practicing for the Abstract Reasoning Exam

Access more Abstract Reasoning practice tests and other valuable Abstract Reasoning prep materials so that you take the test while being as prepared as possible:

  • Alva Labs Logic Test - Includes 3 Alva Logic test practice simulations and a full Alva Personality Test.
  • Matrigma Test Preparation- Learn with 2 Full Abstract Reasoning Matrigma Test Simulations, 8 extra Matrices practice tests, and 11 Inductive reasoning exercises.
  • Raven Practice - This prep pack includes 4 Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Tests and one full Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices Test.
  • UCAT Abstract Reasoning - Includes 11 Abstract Reasoning Tests (340 questions), 2 Full UCAT Cognitive Simulations (318 questions), Verbal Reasoning, Decision-Making, and Quantitative Reasoning questions.
  • Hudson Abstract Reasoning Test Prepack offers 3 Full-length Hudson-style Abstract Reasoning practice tests and nine additional Diagrammatic drills.
  • EPSO Abstract Reasoning Test Practice - In this prep pack, you'll find 7 EPSO-Style Abstract reasoning tests and 8 extra practice drills and tests.
  • Saville Abstract Tests - 4 Timed full Saville Abstract Reasoning Practice Tests 25 Additional Abstract Reasoning Practice Tests.

More Free Practice

We at JobTestPrep find the assessment tests world highly diverse and fascinating. If you are looking to deepen your knowledge in the aptitude tests world, or you want some extra practice before your test, we've got you covered!

Check out these fantastic free practice tests (all are completely free):

Free Aptitude Test | Free Psychometric Test | Free Numerical Reasoning Test | Free Verbal Reasoning Test | Free Cognitive Test | Free Critical Thinking Test | Free Spatial Reasoning Tets | Free Personality Test | Free Inductive Test | Free Mechanical Reasoning Test