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Abstract exams for job applicants which are also known as inductive reasoning or diagrammatic reasoning tests are widely used in organisations to assess a job candidate’s general intellectual potential and ability to work out new concepts and abstract ideas. This is an assessment based on a potential hire’s adaptability and skill rather than previous knowledge. They are generally like IQ tests and rely on a candidate’s ability to see the logic behind specific patterns in symbols or shapes rather than relying on verbal or mathematical skills. The abstract reasoning test requires an ability to draw assumptions and conclusions based on information supplied in the form of symbols or matrices. In such tests you will be asked to identify a missing item or diagram that complete a certain pattern of logic, usually in the form of a matrix. Due to the nature of this testing technique, it serves as a very good indication of IQ. Therefore, it is highly recommended to be well prepared for this type of assessment.
Abstract reasoning psychometric tests constitute a substantial part of intelligence tests, and therefore are very popular among assessment centre test batteries. In all these test types, you are asked to identify a missing figure in the matrix, or alternatively, decide which group of matrices a certain figure best fits into. This is considered a very fair test since the questions are independent of the cultural or educational background. They are particularly important assessments for positions which require problem-solving skills and areas where initiative is required. The abstract reasoning online tests can be administered to all kinds of positions. To be successful in your abstract reasoning test, you will need to be creative and manage to logically read the shapes and patterns of the figures, identify the rules and similarities and quickly apply these facts to conclude the correct answer. The best way to get in the right mindset is by preparation and practice. Included on this page are a few sample questions to help understand what abstract reasoning assessments are about. However, for the best chance of impressing employers sign up with JobTestPrep immediately and receive preparation materials such as abstract reasoning practice test and information on how to answer in the abstract reasoning exam.
Abstract reasoning questions have been specifically designed to be very challenging to differentiate between applicants and to identify the performance that they are capable of. They are usually very tight on time and the questions need to be quickly understood and correct answers rapidly filled out. As the test progresses it is highly likely that the complexity of the questions and rules increases as well. Even so, there are several question types and formats that follow a set of general concept which are common throughout different diagrammatic reasoning tests. This is how preparation will aid in rapidly identifying the problem on the abstract reasoning online test.
See below for abstract reasoning test free questions to gain an understanding of how the abstract aptitude exam works.
All triangles “move” slightly counter-clockwise and outside. A good solving tip for the first sample abstract reasoning question would be to try and disassemble the complete figure to its elements (triangles) and to focus each time on one of the elements. Therefore, the correct answer is:
The logic behind this free abstract reasoning example: An X shape is dotted with black and white dots. Both sets of dots are independent and follow a similar pattern. In each frame, a black dot is added counter-clockwise in the angles of the X shape, until all the angles are occupied. Then a dot is reduced, also counter-clockwise. The same pattern occurs with the white dots, only in a clockwise manner. Examining the changes before and after, the “question mark” figure should look the same as in frame 2, only with an additional black dot (making all four black dots present) and an additional white dot in the upper right corner, as determined by the pattern.
The logic behind the 3rd abstract reasoning example: The next frame after each step portrays a mirror image of the previous frame. In addition, every two steps a shape is added to the frame. Answer choice 3 is a mirrored version of frame 5 and is therefore the correct answer.
Familiarity with the types of questions you are likely to encounter is the best method of preparation. JobTestPrep’s top abstract thinking test tips are as follows:
1. A number of people enjoy the challenge of solving abstract reasoning tests. By signing up with JobTestPrep you will gain access to the highest quality sample abstract reasoning tests which will provide you with a challenge alongside the best online preparation resources. Additionally, our answer explanations and question guides will ensure that you understand the questions rather than just memorising solving techniques. Which in turn will allow you to adapt to any situation presented and successfully complete your abstract reasoning assessment.
2. Many of our successful candidates suggested that it’s helpful to categorise the answers based on the different solving strategies that they were taught from JobTestPrep’s abstract thinking preparation materials. By this they mean that the trick is trying to figure out different rules based on the information given. For example, group the data by size, shape or number and use that as a starting point to think about the questions. Then work methodically on that during the test.
3. Also trying to solve one rule at a time is a very simple yet effective tip. Lots of the diagrammatic reasoning tests attempt to confuse the candidate by overwhelming them. Look at one aspect of the question per time and work out what is important and what can be neglected.
4. Time management is another very common issue for more abstract reasoning tests. If the answer is just taking up too much time to get it’s much better to move on and not spend too much time on it. Except for the answer being difficult to find it also has an effect on your confidence and flow which could be fatal when it comes to being successful during this test. If you have time in the end go back and attempt to answer again.
5. Lastly, if you’re struggling to find the pattern of the shapes, you can look at the answers for clues on the correct answer. Look for possible themes or patterns in the possible answers and try to spot what is important when comparing the answers to the question. For example, if a sequence of shapes is displayed and all of the answers are either circles or squares then you can assume that the next shape in the sequence must either be a circle or a square. And work backwards from this to find which answer matches the question. This answer should be the correct one by method of reverse engineering.
If you are interested in practising the abstract reasoning section for the UKCAT, go to UKCAT Abstract Reasoning.
If you are interested in practising the abstract reasoning section for the EPSO, go to this page.
JobTestPrep's practice abstract assessment is the most professional and profound web-wide preparation package for your abstract psychometric test. Abstract reasoning tests are becoming increasingly utilised by companies as part of their recruitment process, and as such, understanding and mastering abstract reasoning questions is essential for your test preparation. JobTestPrep provides company-specific tailored PrepPacks, such as the Macquarie psychometric assessment, preparation tailored to specific test providers such as Cubiks test preparation, and an all-encompassing abstract reasoning preparation pack. This pack contains many abstract samples and inductive reasoning tests with hundreds of questions and explanations on how to solve abstract reasoning tests online. It includes all types of abstract reasoning tests-both logical and inductive reasoning tests.