About the UKCAT Abstract Reasoning Subtest

The UKCAT Abstract Reasoning subtest is used to assess one’s ability to recognise patterns as well as generate hypotheses, change tracks, and critically evaluate. You must consider these skills throughout this section of the test. This test does not contain numbers or words, but rather the questions are based on patterns of provided shapes.

Why Is There a UKCAT Abstract Reasoning Subtest?

When diagnosing a patient, doctors are often provided with symptoms and/or test results. While some of the provided information may be relevant, clear, and reliable, some of it may not be. Doctors and dentists need to consider this and identify which information will help them to arrive at conclusions. Such research generally includes recognising patterns in test results in order to diagnose and then treat a patient.

UKCAT Abstract Reasoning Section Format

There are four different question types in the Abstract Reasoning section:

  • Type 1 – You are given a test shape and asked to decide to which set of shapes presented your shape belongs (Set A, Set B, or Neither).
  • Type 2 – You need to choose which shape comes next in the provided series of shapes.
  • Type 3 – You need to select which shape completes the provided statement (involving a group of shapes). These statements are presented in the form of an analogy.
  • Type 4 – There are two sets of shapes and you need to choose which answer choice belongs to one of the sets.

The Abstract Reasoning section is comprised of 55 questions (associated with sets of shapes) to be completed in 13 minutes (plus one minute for instructions).

UKCAT Abstract Reasoning Sample Questions

Question Type 1

Where does the following test shape belong?

ukcat abstract reasoning practice

Question Type 2

ukcat abstract reasoning practice example

Question Type 3

This question is an analogy. Which of the five shapes below completes the set, where shape 2 is to shape 1 as shape 4 is to shape 3 (in a clockwise direction from the top left).

ukcat abstract reasoning practice question

Question Type 4

Which of the following test shapes belongs in Set A?

More free sample questions are available in our free UKCAT practice test page.

How Can JobTestPrep Help?

Our UKCAT test PrepPack™ offers comprehensive solving tips for the first three types of UKCAT Abstract Reasoning questions. Practice materials can be completed in either Timed or Step-by-Step Mode, in which each question comes with a detailed explanation. This method allows you to learn as you prepare for the test. Our online pack also contains a complete guide to the UKCAT, featuring specifc tips for the Abstract Reasoning subtest as well as a full-length mock test. Learn more about UKCAT Abstract Reasoning tips here.


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