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What Is the Public Transportation Industry?

The Public Transportation Sector is responsible for transporting passengers and is created for the use by the general public. The Transportation Industry is highly well organized: transport runs according to a schedule, operates on established routes, and has a charge of approved, fixed prices for a trip and set embarkation/disembarkation points. Apart from small towns, where public transportation can be limited to several types of vehicles, there are usually a great variety of public transport in big cities: city buses, trolleybuses, trams, passenger trains, rapid transit such as metro (called also subway, underground, or tube in the UK), and ferries (a water bus). Between cities, people are transported by airlines, coaches, and express passenger trains. There are also high-speed trains built around the world. Other modes of travel for the general public include share taxis, which is a type of transport falling between a taxi (or cab) and a bus. They take passengers on a fixed route without timetable and stop anywhere to pick up passengers and dropping them on demand.    

The public transport runs on infrastructure: roads, rail, airways, or seaways. Sometimes the infrastructure on which the public transport runs is totally dedicated to it; sometimes it is shared with private automobiles. The infrastructure and the public transport are interdependent: requiring operating and maintaining costs, the infrastructure usually adds to the total cost of public transport. In some countries, a government decides to subsidize the infrastructure, which makes the public transportation free of charge for passengers.

In London, fare revenues are divided into London underground fares, bus fares, and rail fares. In 2016-2017 year, London Underground fares were the most profitable for the Public Transportation Industry. A revenue steadily increased each year, reaching 2.5 billion British pounds last year.

Taking various forms – buses, trains, ferries, trams, and vans – public transportation provides a lot of benefits not only for the general public but also for countries as a whole. Apart from providing vital mobility to people, the public transport reduces air pollution and wasted time in traffic congestion.


What Career Can You Pursue in the Public Transportation Sector?

There are plenty of career opportunities in the Public Transportation Industry. If you have a degree in Transportation and Logistics, you will not experience difficulties with finding a good position in this sphere. Job opportunities open to you in the Public Transportation Sector are as follows:

Bus Driver

Bus drivers take people from one place to another, driving them on long and short distances. Buses they drive can be either large or small, containing from 15 to 100 sears. The bus driver’s responsibility is to provide comfortable, safe, and quick drive to ae desired destination point. Drivers should also let people get on and off the bus at designated bus stops. To ensure the safety of their vehicles, bus drivers check its tires and oil and follow the rules of the road. They also follow a schedule and inform passengers if it changes.  Bus drivers should have good communication skills and be polite, since they work directly with people. They should also be physically fit, having sharp vision and hearing. A very important trait for bus drivers is patience: they constantly deal with stressful situations, caused by traffic jams, impatient riders, and rude passengers.  


Every sphere needs analysts to spot problem areas and mistakes that occasionally creep into the work done by machines and people alike. As an analyst, you will be responsible for gathering and analyzing information that will clarify what kind of error has been made and where exactly. To perform your role well, you will need to have the basic understanding of logistic planning and a strong knowledge of mathematics and statistics. Good communication skills are also a must, since you will need to communicate and explain your findings to your managers and other members of the team.

Transportation and Logistic Engineer

Closely related to the position of the analyst is the profession of the transportation and logistic engineer. Engineers analyze the supply chain and logistic systems for problems or trends. To do this successfully, they use mathematics and computer systems. The most essential difference between the engineer and analyst is that the former picks up where the latter leaves off. That is, analysts recommend solutions to problems; engineers, by contrast, implement analysts’ recommendations. Engineers are thus required to supervise not only their own projects but also those of analysts. Another necessary skill that engineers working in the Transportation Sector should have is writing technical proposals for their projects. They also should have good decision-making abilities and good time-management skills.

Customer Service Representative

Customer service representative is an intermediary between passengers and employees working in the Public Transportation Industry. Clients’ complaints, concerns, and needs must be related to managers, analysts, and engineers. And vice versa, if there is a problem in transportation, it should be communicated to the customers. Customer Service Representatives are thus expected to understand basic principles of transportation and logistics to enable a better communication between the parties and deeper understanding of a problem. It goes without saying that having excellent communication skills is indispensable in this profession.

Supply-Chain Manager

As their title suggests, the supply-chain manager oversees the supply chain that may include purchasing, inventory, and production. Supply-chain managers are expected to reduce cost of products and optimize productivity by streamlining the system. They also predict long-term financial needs and are thus expected to understand logistics. To excel in this role, you need to demonstrate strong managerial skills and communicate with others well. Communicating with others productively is essential for supply-chain managers, because, once they have spotted the problem, they should make sure that it becomes solved by other mangers or other members of staff.

Safety Manager

The Safety Manager is a professional who develops, operates, and constantly improves the safety management system used by service providers. Safety managers also supervise and manage processes and procedures in the Public Transportation Sector. On safety mangers depends the efficiency of safety planning processes. Safety managers promote safety awareness, ensure that safety management receives high priority in the Transportation Industry, and oversee other aspects of the safety management system such as providing safety reports and advices to top managers, and proposing corrective actions when necessary.  They are also expected to write safety-related documentation and guarantee that records are up-to-date and always available.

What Is the Hiring Process in the Public Transportation Sector? 

Getting hired for a job or summer employment at a public transportation authority is a multi-step process. It is important to impress employers at every stage of the hiring process because there are usually many candidates vying for the same position.

  1. Apply online: Submit an application to the transport authority's website. Ask someone to look over your CV and cover letter for spelling and grammar errors before submitting them. Some transport authorities, such as Transport for Longdon (TfL), only allow you to apply once, so make sure that your application is excellent.
  2. Aptitude tests: Many transport authorities require you to pass a psychometric test in order to be considered for a position. These tests vary depending on the job you are applying for. For example, to be considered for engineering jobs, you need to take numerical, inductive and deductive reasoning tests. You can find out more about these tests below.
  3. Video interview: Candidates who pass the psychometric exams will be invited to record a video interview in which they speak about their motivation for applying for the job.
  4. Assessment centre: The assessment centre is a day-long evaluation during which you will complete several challenges, such as a group exercise, and interview, and a presentation.

The Numerical Reasoning Test

There are several tests that applicants vying for a position in the Public Transportation Industry may be invited to take. The most common among them, however, are three Reasoning Test - Numerical, Verbal, and Abstract. These tests will sharpen your calculation, understanding of written materials, and logical thinking. Al these abilities are crucial for working in the Public Transportation Industry.

The Numerical Reasoning Test is designed to estimate how well applicants understand information – facts and figures - presented in charts, diagrams, and statistical tables. This is a multiple-choice test; that is, in each question, you will be given a number of alternatives to choose from. There is usually only one correct answer among several incorrect options. As a rule, calculators are not permitted on the Numerical Reasoning Test. But you will be allowed to use a rough sheet of paper and a pen. The test is strictly timed. You will have less than a minute to answer each question, which is surely difficult. You can increase your chances of answering questions correctly and on time, if you practise with JobTestPrep’s exclusive resources before you set foot in your examination room. We guarantee that your test scores will be much higher after you have gone through a few dry runs of our accurate test simulations created specifically to help you to secure job in the Public Transportation Industry. 

JobTestPrep does everything in its power to lead job candidates to a successful completion of their recruitment process. Equipped with our top-notch test simulations and interview materials, you will begin an interesting career in the Public Transportation Sector, enhancing the quality of people’s itineraries.