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What Is the Nonprofit Industry?

Known also as non-business entity, nonprofit organizations have a goal of serving the public interest and are dedicated to promoting particular social causes. They are charitable and exempt from federal income taxes. This means that nonprofit organizations do not pay income tax on the money they receive from donors or from customers. Nor do they distribute their income to their shareholders, leaders, or members. Rather, they use the received money to achieve their goals.   

Charities in the United Kingdom

In England, the definition of charity came from a list of charitable purposes delineated in the Charitable Uses Act 1601, also called the Statue of Elizabeth, which subsequently became a case law. Later, four categories of charities were extracted from the Charitable Uses Act and began to define a charitable work:

  • The relief of poverty;
  • The advancement of education;
  • The advancement of religion,
  • Other purposes beneficial to the community.

There are more than 1000 charitable organizations in the UK, many of which have revenue larger than that of some business companies. The biggest British charity is the Gavi Alliance which promotes funding of immunsation programmes and vaccination in low-income countries. After Gavi, come several health charities led by Cancer Research, the third largest nonprofit organization by the size of income. The cause Cancer Research promotes has 30,000 supporters, which allows it to generate over ₤380 million a year. 

The next on the list of the UK largest charitable organizations is the National Trust for Scotland promoting Scotland’s natural and cultural heritage. With 3.4 million members and 43,000 volunteers, the National Trust is considered the tenth biggest charity by annual income, which is more than ₤192 million.

Oxfam’s emergency fund generates around ₤172 million. The value of Oxfam’s brand grows every year, since the number of tragedies in the world never decreases, constantly allowing the charity to campaign for new causes.   

Another charity organization marked by uninterrupted growth is the Salvation Army. This charity advances the Christian religion, education, relief of poverty, and other charitable ideas beneficial to society or the community of mankind as a whole. Having lately experienced a 5% increase in its brand value, the Salvation Army now has a revenue of ₤113 million.  

The British Red Cross Society, worth ₤108 million, each year trains 150,000 people in the UK in first aid. The charity also has 35,000 trained volunteers that help in times of emergency both in the UK and other countries and, in so doing, attract people’s donations. Equally popular is another English charity, called the RSPCA. This charity receives a phone call every 25 seconds urging to stop cruelty to animals. The organization has 174 branches, through which it successfully finds home to 70,000 animals each year. Concerned with animals’ safety, people willingly donate to the RSPCA, driving its value to ₤94 million.


How Are Nonprofit Organizations Structured?

There is no difference in structure between charitable and for-profit organizations. As is the case with other organizations, the nonprofit sector has officers of the corporation, a board of directors, and by-laws. They also hold annual meetings. Among their staff members are

  • executive directors,
  • human resource managers,
  • development and grant officers,
  • financial managers,
  • T staff,
  • associates, and
  • assistants.

What Job Opportunities Does the Nonprofit Sector Offer?

There is a large variety of jobs available in charity organizations, roughly covering ten broad categories: arts, culture, humanities, education, environment, animals, health, human services, international affairs, and religion. New trends in the Charity Sector emerge as well. There is a new category gaining popularity at present called venture philanthropy or social entrepreneurialism. In this sector, funds invest in projects and measure their return by impact.  

If you are interested in working in the Charity Sector, you may apply for the following important positions:

The Fundraiser

This is the most crucial role in the sector, since all nonprofit organizations thrive thanks to fundraising only. Needless to say, the role of the fundraiser requires you to be extremely sociable and know how to build meaningful connections with potential donors. You also need to be familiar with different ways of raising money, whether asking individuals for handsome gifts or laying the groundwork for a bequest in a will. You need to be engaging in personal meetings with donors and daring enough to be a host of a fundraising event. In some organization, fundraisers also write grants and grants reports. Writing and listening skills are essential to perform these duties well.

The Program Manager

Duties of the Program Manager in nonprofit organizations vary. You may either manager individual programs or supervise all included daily activities of the organization. Of you are responsible for a volunteer program, your duties will be narrowed down to recruiting volunteers. This includes testing the skills of potential volunteers, defining how their skills can be used, interviewing, and supervising training. You may also be asked to write grants, if needed. Another essential part of your tasks is making presentations to the board, upper management, and at public events. You should not to be scared of public speaking to succeed in this position.

The Public Relations and Communications Manager

The main responsibility of the Public Relations and Communications Managers is to present their nonprofit organizations to the public. Some of their duties include but not limited to preparing press releases about charitable campaigns, publishing articles or attracting the media’s attention, or posting information social media streams. As the Public Relations and Communications Manager, you may also be in charge of the organization’s web page content. You may also need to write articles for newsletters and send of emails.

The Finance Administrator

All nonprofit organizations are concerned with meeting their financial goals. Donors, too, prefer to invest into causes and see bottom-line results of their donations. Having a person understanding in accounting and finances is important for any charity. What is even more preferable is to welcome on board a person who has worked as a finance administrator in the private sector. People working with finances are also expected to manage money well and know how to make smart financial decisions. On a daily basis, financial administrators are expected to process payroll checks, manage invoices, tally up accounts, both receivable and paid, and make purchasing assessments.

What Skills Should You Have to Work in the Charity Sector?

The positions described in the section above as well as any other position in the Nonprofit Industry require employees to possess the following skills, among others:

    • Creativity and Initiative – You will be given plenty of opportunities to create new events aimed at explaining campaigns and attracting donors;
    • Business Skills - You can have advantage over other job applicants, if you have knowledge of accounting, finance, management, information systems, advertising, and marketing;
    • Helpfulness – You should have a strong sense of community spirit and willingness to help others. If you are mostly concerned with money, you will not find working in the Charity Industry fulfilling.
    • Communication Skills – Any job in the Nonprofit Sector involves talking to people about causes and campaigns with the goal of persuading them to make donations. You need to know how to talk eloquently and tug at donors’ heartstrings to bring money to your organization.

How Can JobTestPrep Help?

In addition to providing the exhaustive information about the Nonprofit Sector, JobTestPrep may also help you develop traits and skills required in its employees. Driven to help job applicants receive a position in any charitable organization of their choice, we have compiled a high-quality PrepPack™, into which we have put the Personality Assessment that will help you develop the personality traits the employers in the sector look for in their employees. Our Personality Assessment will also teach you how to highlight your best qualities in your conversation with recruiters. With our exact simulation of the Numerical Reasoning Test, the Verbal Reasoning Test, and the Abstract Reasoning Test, you can hone your logical skills and understanding of written texts. You can also sharpen the accuracy of your calculations. Interview resources also added to our PrepPack™ offer you valuable tips on how to behave impressively during your phone and face-to-face interviews. Practise with our exclusive materials and begin to make our world a much better and kinder place for everyone.  

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