The UKCAT SJT assesses one’s ability to comprehend situations that occur in the real world, recognise important factors, and appropriately cope with respective situations. The ability to make rational and moral decisions involving patients, medical staff, and the general public is evaluated.
The test examines how you respond to difficult situations in your day-to-day or professional life. The UKCAT SJT focuses on integrity, perspective, and team involvement. As a doctor, you will have to judge situations on a daily basis and choose the appropriate behavioural response each time.
The UKCAT Situational Judgement Test focuses on two sets of competencies: your interpersonal skills (how you relate to others around you) and your ethical competencies (how you relate to medical ethics).
Situational Judgement Tests are often used in the selections process for jobs in the medical field. This test evaluates one’s ability to adapt and work on a team as well as one’s resilience, integrity, and perspective taking skills.
The UKCAT SJT is comprised of scenarios and potential considerations and actions. Prior medical knowledge is not required. There are two sets of questions in this section:
In the first set of questions, a scenario will be presented and you will need to rate the suitability of a series of potential responses to that scenario. The ratings will be as follows:
It is possible the action described in a response is not the only action being taken. In other words, there may be multiple steps not noted in the response option. If a wrong medication, for example, is given to a patient, there are several things that need to happen, including medically assessing the patient and ensuring that s/he is okay. Thus, a response such as “ask the patient if s/he is okay” is still an appropriate response, as you should consider that this is not the only step being taken.
The answer options “a very appropriate thing to do” and “appropriate, but not ideal” indicate that a positive decision has been made. Clearly, “a very appropriate thing to do” suggests that this is the most accurate decision in the given scenario, whereas “appropriate, but not ideal” suggests the decision is good, but that it does not fully address every issue raised in the scenario.
“Inappropriate, but not awful” indicates the correct decision was not made, but that it is not an irreversible or tragic mistake. In contrast, “a very inappropriate thing to do” highlights that the decision is an extremely poor one as it does not address any issues raised in the question.
In the second set of questions, you will need to rate the importance of a series of choices for how to respond to a scenario. These are the options for responding to a scenario:
The Situational Judgement section is comprised of 69 questions (associated with 20 scenarios) to be completed in 26 minutes (plus one minute for instructions).
A 5th year dental student, Anna, is overheard by a senior dentist boasting about how she copied parts of her 1st year assessment from the internet to her friends in the hospital cafeteria. How important are the following when considering what the senior dentist should do?
“You are a qualified medic on night-shift in A&E. A young man is in a great deal of pain with a dislocated shoulder, so after a thorough examination, you decide to correct his problem by relocating the shoulder into its socket. How appropriate was your action?”
In this question, two issues are raised: the patient has a dislocated shoulder, and the patient is in pain. In the passage, you dealt with the dislocated shoulder, so an appropriate decision has been made. The scenario does not note whether or not you have attempted to alleviate any of the patient's pain with medication. Therefore, the best answer would be “appropriate but not ideal,” rather than “very appropriate,” because not all issues have been addressed by your solution.
Scoring on the SJT section is different from other sections of the UKCAT. The raw score is provided in one of four bands, with one being the highest band and four being the lowest band. If you answer correctly, you will receive the full amount of points for your answer. If your response is close to the correct answer but is not correct, you will receive a partial amount of points. You will be provided with an explanation as to what each band means:
|Band 1||Performed at an excellent level, displaying judgement similar to the majority of the expert panel.|
|Band 2||Displayed decent level of performance, often demonstrating appropriate judgement, with several responses corresponding to model answers.|
|Band 3||Performed at a modest level, displaying appropriate judgement for some questions and significant differences from model responses for other questions.|
|Band 4||Performed poorly, displaying significantly different judgement than the model response in several cases.|
Our UKCAT prep pack offers comprehensive UKCAT Situational Judgement practice questions. Practice materials can be completed in either timed or step-by-step mode, in which each question comes with a detailed explanation. This method allows you to learn as you prepare for the test. Our online pack also contains a complete guide to the UKCAT with tips for the Situational Judgement test as well as a full-length mock test.
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