Aptitude Test for Job: Free Sample Questions & Answers [2022]

What Is an Aptitude Test?

An aptitude test is a type of psychometric test used to assess cognitive skills and other specific abilities and behavioural traits. Job aptitude tests are very common, and almost any employer uses them to screen candidates. The most popular ones are numerical, verbal, spatial, cognitive, and personality tests.


Free Aptitude Test Questions and Answers

Numerical Reasoning

Aptitude Test Sample Question
Between which two months was there the smallest proportional increase or decrease in the mileage of Surveyor 1 in comparison to the previous month?

A) Months 1 and 2
B) Months 2 and 3
C) Months 3 and 4
D) Months 4 and 5
E) Cannot say

Answer:

The correct answer is (D).

To determine the rate of increase or decrease between two months, use this formula:
|Mileage in the current month – Mileage in previous month| / Mileage in the previous month

Between months 1 and 2: |3,256 ― 2,675| / 2,675 = 0.217 = 21.7%

Between months 2 and 3: |1,890 ― 3,256| / 3,256 = 0.419 = 41.9%

Between months 3 and 4: |3,892 ― 1,890| / 1,890 = 1.059 = 105.9%

Between months 4 and 5: |3,401 ― 3,892| / 3,892 = 0.126 = 12.6%

The answer is Months 4 and 5.

Numerical reasoning tests may cover various skills, including financial analysis and data interpretation, currency conversion, percentages, ratios, number sequences and more.

To further improve your maths skills, try additional practice questions, and access the complete numerical reasoning practice course (tailored to the most common job assessments), visit our numerical reasoning practice page.


Verbal Reasoning

If the first two statements below are true, is the third statement true?

A) Mr. Brown's rabbits are grey.

B) All grey creatures are kind.

C) Mr. Brown's rabbits are unkind.

Answer:

The final statement is not true.

Because Mr. Brown's rabbits are grey and all grey creatures are kind, we can deduce that Mr. Brown's rabbits are definitely kind.

Verbal skills are crucial for positions in management, law, economics, and other fields that require nuanced reading, writing and analysis of texts. To get additional thorough practice for these question types, which covers the most commonly used assessment, visit our verbal reasoning prep guide.


Inductive Reasoning

Look at the sequence of images. Then pick the image that goes with Z the same way that Y goes with X.

Inductive Reasoning test question

Answer:

The correct answer is 3.

The relationship between figure X and figure Y is as follows:
1) The outer shape of figure Y is the same as the inner shape of figure X.
2) The format of the outer shape of figure Y (dotted line) has the same format as the outer shape of figure X.
3) The inner shape does not change.

The correct answer must have the same relationship with figure Z.

Answers 1, 4 and 5 can be eliminated as they show a change to the inner shape.
Answer 2 can be eliminated as the outer shape is in a different format than that of the outer shape in figure Z. In other words, the outer shape in figure Z has a solid line, so the outer shape of the correct answer must also have a solid line.

We are left with answer 3, which is the correct answer, as the outer shape takes on the form of the inner shape in figure Z, i.e. it becomes a circle, the format of the outer shape is the same format as that of figure Z (solid line), and the inner shape does not change.

On inductive reasoning tests, you'll usually see diagrams and be asked to spot the logical pattern, possibly using verbal, abstract, and/or mechanical reasoning. Inductive reasoning tests are taken by job-seekers in all fields and at all levels. To try more sample questions and access the complete practice course for inductive reasoning aptitude tests, visit our in-depth guide.


Cognitive Ability

A dress was initially marked at $150, and a pair of jeans were priced at $50. If Emily got a 40% discount off the dress and a 20% discount on the jeans, what was the total percentage she saved on her purchases?

A. 27%

B. 35%

C. 45%

D. 50%

E. 60%

Answer:

To find the total percentage Emily saved, you need to divide the savings by the total pre-sale cost.

Saving on dress: $150 × 40% = $60

Saving on jeans: $50 × 20% = $10

Total savings: $60 + $10 = $70

Total pre-sale cost: $150 + $50 = $200

Total savings in percent: 70/200

Cancel both the numerator and denominator, by 2:

(70÷2)/(200÷2) = 35/100 = 35%

Cognitive ability tests are one the most common aptitude tests used today. These tests usually consist of numerical, verbal, abstract, and logical reasoning questions. To improve your skills in these areas and practiדe test-like questions, visit our cognitive ability prep guide.


Abstract Reasoning

Look at the two sets of shapes. Then determine whether a test shape belongs in Set A, Set B or neither.

Aptitude Test Preparation

 

The following test shape belongs to:

Aptitude Test Guide

A) Set A

B) Set B

C) Neither

Answer:

The correct answer is (A).

Set A: If the arrow points upwards, it crosses only the square. If it points to any other direction it crosses both the square and the triangle.

Set B: One type of shape (triangle, arrow, etc.) appears 3 times.

The test shape belongs to set A, since the arrow points upwards and crosses the square.

Abstract reasoning is highly correlated to cognitive aptitude. That's why almost any cognitive aptitude test includes abstract questions. To improve your abstract reasoning skills and try realistic abstract practice questions from the most common tests, visit our abstract reasoning practice guide.


Logical Reasoning

Mark the object that does not follow the rule. Try answering in 15 seconds.

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer

The correct answer is H.

The objects form a numerical series: When moving from one object to the next, the number of stars increases by 1 and then, from the 5th object onwards, decreases by 1.
The only object that does not fit this rule is H, which contains 3 stars instead of 2.

Another way to look at the question is to say that the objects form a formal series: Each time a new star is added to (and from the 5th object onwards, an existing star is removed from) the pattern of stars that appeared in the previous object.

Note: It is not necessary to discern both the numerical and formal aspects of the series in order to solve the question.

Logical reasoning questions may come in different forms - abstract, diagrammatic, inductive and verbal logical questions. To get thorough practice for any of these types and increase your chances of acing your upcoming aptitude exam, visit our logical reasoning test guide.


Spatial Reasoning

spatial reasoning sample question 1

 

Answer:

The answer is B.

free-spatial-answer-1

Spatial reasoning questions can be challenging, especially since most candidates aren't used to solving such questions and it requires some practice to master the solving techniques. To improve your solving skills, try more sample questions, and access the complete spatial reasoning practice course, visit our spatial reasoning prep guide.


Critical Thinking Test

Everyone who has been diagnosed with sleep apnoea has encountered a personal battle owing to the disease. For example, Vicki suffered from depression and lost her job, while Bill felt a strain on his marriage.

Proposed assumption: Vicki and Bill encountered a personal battle because they couldn’t come to terms with their disease.

A. Conclusion follows

B. Conclusion does not follow

Answer:

The correct answer is B (Conclusion does not follow).

It is plausible that the reason people who suffer from sleep apnoea encounter a personal battle is because of an inability to come to terms with this disease. However, since the passage does not provide an actual reason, you cannot reach this conclusion without reasonable doubt.

Critical thinking tests can have up to 5 major sections or sub-tests that assess and measure various aspects. To ensure you know how to ace these sections and increase your chances of passing your upcoming test, visit our critical thinking test guide, which includes a free sample test and a full practice course.


Diagrammatic Reasoning

diagrammatic reasoning sample question

A. = JLOO
B. = JJLO
C. = JJOL
D. = LOO

Answer:

The correct answer is A.

The aim is to understand rule 3. To do so, first determine the rule for 2 and 1.

First, look at the - TI - TTI – section. Since TI becomes TTI when applying rule 2, this means that rule 2 commands you to duplicate the first letter. Since QPRG becomes QQPGR when applying rules 1 and 2, and we know that rule 2 commands you to duplicate the first letter, we can conclude that rule 1 commands you to swap the last two letters.

QPRG becomes QPRGG when applying both rules 3 and 1. We already know that rule 1 commands you to swap the last two letters. We can therefore conclude that rule 3 commands you to double the last letter (rule 1 doesn’t change the result, because the last letter is doubled first and then swapped).
Since rule 3 commands you to double the last letter, the last letter JLO becomes JLOO.

Some diagrammatic reasoning questions can be extremely challenging if you encounter them for the first time on your job aptitude test. To eliminate the element of surprise and ensure you know how to solve such questions quickly and accurately, visit our diagrammatic reasoning test guide, which includes practice tips and a full prep course.


Deductive Reasoning Test

Company spokesmen report exclusively to the PR manager, unless the company is small, in which case they report directly and exclusively to the CEO. When company spokesmen report to the CEO, they sleep well at night.

Conclusion: Only those who sleep well at night are company spokesmen who work in small companies.

A. Conclusion follows

B. Conclusion does not follow

Answer:

Conclusion follows.

Company spokesmen in big company = A, report exclusively to the PR manager = B, report directly and exclusively to the CEO = C, can sleep well at night = D.
According to the premises, (A -> B), (~A -> C), and (C -> D), which means (~A -> D).

The conclusion states (only D -> ~A).

Notice the conclusion is a manipulation of the combination of premises. Compare (~A -> D) to (only D -> ~A): two operations were used – transposing and adding the word only. According to the NOT Triangle, the meaning stays the same.

There are several common deductive reasoning question types you'll likely see on your test, with the most common ones being syllogism (like the example question above) and seating arrangements. To learn how to answer such questions easily and increase your chances of acing the exam, visit our deductive reasoning test page, which includes more sample questions and a complete prep course.


Mechanical Reasoning Test

Which fisherman must pull his fishing rod harder to lift the caught fish?

 

Mechanical Aptitude Sample question


A) 1

B) 2 

C) Both have to apply equal force

D) There is not sufficient data

Answer:

The correct answer is (A).

A lever is a long, rigid beam or bar used to lift heavy weights, allowing to apply less force for a longer distance in order to move a weight around a fixed pivot. A lever consists of three parts:

Fulcrum - the fixed point at which the lever pivots (usually marked as a triangle)
Load - load is the weight or resistance that is moved by the lever.

Effort arm - the amount of force required to the work, i.e., the force used to push down or pull up the lever to move the load.

There are 3 types of levers, classified according to the placement of the fulcrum, load and effort.

Class 1 - the fulcrum is located between the applied force and the load, e.g. a crowbar or a pair of scissors.
Class 2 - the load is situated between the fulcrum and the force, e.g. a nutcracker.
Class 3 - the force is applied between the fulcrum and the load, e.g. tweezers.

In this question, the fisherman rod is a class 3 lever in which the effort is between the fulcrum and the load. The fulcrum is the end of the fishing rod (the end without the fishing line), the load is the fish, and the effort is the force applied by the fisherman. It is the position of the effort required to lift the fish that changes between the two figures.

Since the work (or more precisely, torque) is constant, the longer the distance between the effort and the fulcrum, the easier it is to lift the load because the force required to do work is distributed over a longer distance.

Therefore, (A) is the correct answer, since, in this figure, the fisherman applies his effort at a shorter distance from the fulcrum and hence has to pull his fishing rod harder.

Most mechanical reasoning aptitude tests require a deep understanding of mechanical, electrical, and maintenance subjects. Some will also assess your spatial reasoning and math skills. To improve your skills and knowledge in these areas and enhance your chances of passing the test, visit our mechanical reasoning test page, which includes a free practice test, sample questions, and a full practice course.


Situational Judgment Test (SJT)

You manage a department that includes 10 employees who work with customers, and a supervisor. You notice that one of the employees is regularly late arriving in the morning.

What would you do?

A. Nothing. You trust the supervisor - she works closely with the team members and is probably aware of the situation and it's under her control.

B. Talk to the employee next time you see him arrive late.

C. Ask the supervisor if she's aware of this situation.

D. Tell the supervisor that she should pay more attention to her employees' arriving hours, as it looks bad.

Answer:

Best response: C

This question assesses your understanding of your position as a manager in terms of the chain of command. Be aware that different workplaces prefer different levels of managerial involvement versus keeping of the chain of command; we recommend that you read about your potential workplace and position before taking the test.

Response A is a “do nothing” response. This kind of response is passive and is rarely the best course of action. Although it may be likely that the supervisor is aware of the situation, you can’t assume it. This response fails to supervise employees’ performance.

Talking to the employee yourself (response B) ignores the supervisor’s authority and responsibility (chain of command). You want to take action, but not to undermine the supervisor.

In response C you take action which is appropriate for someone in your position – you bring the situation to the supervisor’s awareness and allow her to handle it as she sees fit. This is the best response in this situation.

In response D you reprimand your supervisor for the employee’s actions. You don’t trust the supervisor’s skills and judgment, and don’t provide her the authority to handle the situation her way, and don’t provide her a chance to explain her point of view – you don’t know if she is aware of the situation or if there are any special reasons for it (effective communication).

Situational Judgment Tests have become highly popular in recent years, and even huge employers, such as Amazon and Procter & Gamble, have started using them to screen their candidates. To get a better understanding of these tests, take a free sample test, and access the complete practice course, visit our SJT prep guide.


Personality Test

Pre-employment personality tests come in various forms, but generally, they consist of statements about yourself that you must rate on a certain scale. These scales include 1 to 5 or 1 to 7 points, also known as the Likert Scale (i.e from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree") or "most like me/least like me" answer choices, known as the Ipsative Scale.

Let's see a few examples of each type.

  • It is better to be polite and rule-obedient rather than carefree.
  • When I am working from home, I plan a work schedule and adhere to it.
  • I am the kind of person who sees the big picture, focusing less on the small details.

 For each of the statements above, choose:

  1. Strongly Disagree
  2. Disagree
  3. Neutral
  4. Agree
  5. Strongly Agree

And here are a few statements of the 'Ipsative Scale' type:

  • I am comfortable with new acquaintances
  • I am fearful before a job interview
  • I aspire to be 'Number One'

For each of the statements above, choose:

A. Most Like Me

B. Least Like Me

Almost any employer that uses pre-hire tests includes a type of personality assessment in its process. To ensure that you'll be as prepared as possible for this part, visit our personality test page. It includes a free practice test, additional sample questions and a full preparation course that covers the most common personality assessments.

 

Why Is It Crucial to Score Well?

Most of the world's companies recruit online and are overwhelmed with applicants. Aptitude tests are used as an initial screening tool to identify highly qualified candidates with exceptional abilities. Candidates who score well on aptitude tests then have their resumes reviewed by staff, are often invited to take a personality test and are potentially scheduled for a job interview.

A high aptitude test score can open the door to getting a job offer, negotiating a higher salary and starting on the fast track to promotion.

It is essential to score in the top 20% of applicants to be invited for an interview. Furthermore, candidates scoring in the top 5% are most likely to receive job offers and generous salaries. 

 

 

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