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What Is the Employment Scheme?

Employment Schemes are designed to help people who have long been unemployed to find a new position and start working again. As a rule, each scheme clearly states what period of time a person has to be without job, being on a welfare or other program, to qualify for it. Other rules of eligibility also vary from scheme to scheme. It is advisable, therefore, to go carefully through the description of a scheme and pay particular attention to its eligibility conditions before you apply for it. Note also that if you are coming back to work, helped by one of the employment schemes, your unemployment payment may end or be curtailed. Read the information about the connection between the employment scheme and unemployment payment to avoid losing your funds afterwards.

You should note also that if you receive disability payments, you can be allowed to work but only if your job is deemed rehabilitative or therapeutic. You can also take up a voluntary position, but if your work is neither gratuitous nor remedial, you need to transfer to a different work scheme and forfeit your Invalidity Pension or any other illness benefits. 

There is a wide range of the Employment Schemes in the United Kingdom. Some of them are listed below in this section:

  • The Back to Work Enterprise Allowance – This Employment Scheme is created to help unemployed people to open their own business and become self-employed. This scheme also allows these people to keep some percentage of their unemployment payment for two years. Another version of this scheme is the Short-Term Enterprise Allowance. The latter variant of the scheme is directed at people who have been receiving Jobseeker’s Benefit. It is not suitable for people who, together with receiving Jobseeker’s Benefit, also work part-time. There are several conditions people need to meet to get the Back to Work Enterprise Allowance: they either need to open up a new business or get Jobseeker’s Benefit or Jobseeker’s Allowance for at least 9 months.
  • The Part-time Job Incentive – This scheme is good for people who have been receiving the Jobseeker’s Allowance for at least fifteen months. These people are allowed to stop receiving their other payments and get a part-time work along with the part-time Job Allowance.  
  • The Community Employment Programme – This scheme is created for people who have long been unemployed or experienced other disadvantages with employment. What this scheme allows to these people is to be hired part-time or temporarily within their local communities. To understand whether you qualify for the Community Employment Program, you need to factor also your age and personal circumstances into the authorities’ decision.
  • The Community Services Programme – This scheme involves funding of community services and various community businesses so that they can work for their local communities. Working for local communities allows these community services and businesses to hire unemployed or disabled people searching for job. The Community Service Programme is an extension of the Social Economy Programme.  

What Is the Vacation Scheme?

If you are aspiring to make a career in the Law Industry, you may find a Vacation Scheme especially pertinent to your goals, because it is a short period of work experience in a Law firm. The Vacation Scheme is usually two weeks long and organised during summer vacation in colleges and universities, although some Law companies run their Vacation Schemes during the winter vacation as well.

The purpose of the Vacation Scheme is not only to offer students an opportunity to gain work experience but also enable Law firms to understand who of these students is gifted and should be hired as trainees afterwards. During the two weeks of the Vacation Scheme, employers in the Law firm are watching the students’ conduct and decision-making skills, assessing whether they can be a perfect fit for the firm, and deciding whether they can subsequently be offered a trainee contract.

For students, the Vacation Scheme is a good opportunity to understand whether they want to launch a legal career and, if they do, in what kind of law firm they want to work. By joining the Vacation Scheme, the students also gain an invaluable experience in working with lawyers, attorneys, and trainees on different ongoing legal cases. Apart from enriching their work experience, they also attend various skill training workshops and make short and long presentations in front of the whole firm.  Law companies generously pay to the students for joining their Vacation Scheme. In London, companies pay as much as £400 per week and reimburse them also for all expenses incurred during the programme.  


What Is the Internship?

The Internship is an opportunity companies offer to potential employees to work for them for a predetermined period of time, which usually lasts from one to twelve months. People joining the Internship are usually undergraduate or graduate students that become to be called interns, once they join the programme. Internships can be either part-time or full-time, depending on the time of the year when they are opened. Companies offering internship programmes work in different industries, from sales to marketing, engineering, management, IT, and graphic design, among others. Most often than not, internship is well-paid and, therefore, very competitive.

The Internship differs significantly from the Apprenticeship. The latter is a vocational programme combining work training and studying towards some degree. As a rule, apprentices work several days a week in their workplace and a day in a training centre or college, where they study subjects included in the curriculum. The Apprenticeship usually leads to employment, because most of apprentices stay with the employees that have accepted them for the programme. This vocational programme is also longer and demands more commitment than the Internship. When people are on the Internship, they are not required to commit to one specific employee but can shift from one company to another and work in different roles within the area of their specialization.  

There are short-term and long-term Internship programmes:

  • The Short-Term Internship - Companies hire interns for short period of time to help complete certain projects or events. The short-term Internship may center on uncomplicated tasks performed in the office. Among these tasks are drafting reports, spreadsheet work, filing, or photocopying. This type of internship can be useful for undergraduate students, since it can develop in them project-managing skills. During these short-term projects, students can also start building profession network, in the process of which they can also improve their communication skills.
  • The Long-Term Internship – This kind of the Internship advertises companies’ graduate schemes to undergraduate students. This is also a good means to get well acquainted with potential employees, since companies prefer hiring those people who have completed their Internship Programmes. For one thing, former interns already know the company, when they apply for the permanent position, and have already tried themselves in the advertised role. For another, having completed their Internship programme, they require less training than people who come to the company without an internship experience. Hiring former interns is, therefore, more cost efficient and effective for the company, since they can get down to business almost immediately after signing the contract.

Interns are accepted for the long-term internship to give a helping hand with projects or events. Theirs is usually a supporting role in the company that involves providing some assistance with its daily activities. As is the case with the short-term internship, during the long-term internship, interns are expected to perform such duties as writing emails, data entry, filing, and making appointments. Yet some companies still lay greater responsibilities at their interns’ door. By accepting more responsibilities, interns hone a variety of soft skills, namely the communication skills, presentation skills, and problem-solving skills, among others.  


What Is the Summer Internship?

As the title of the Summer Internship suggests, this Internship allows students to have work experience during their summer vacation. Summer Internship are common and offered by the majority of companies but usually require applicants to take difficult tests and pass several interviews that can be face-to-face with your potential manager or a panel interview with several managers and team leaders. The Summer Internship can be highly important for students, because during it, they get their fill of the company and the industry in which it is working. They also have a good opportunity to understand whether they are on the right track in their studies and indeed want to build a career in the field of their specialization. The Summer Internship can also increase students’ chances of being called for an interview, when they start looking for job after the graduation. Employers prefer hiring people who are familiar with their business and whose dedication to its development they have already witnessed during their Summer Internship.


What Are the Graduate Scheme?

The Graduate Scheme is the very first step graduate students take after having obtained their degree. It is an entry-level job; that is, it is a position that is designated for graduates and that does not require previous work experience. The Graduate Scheme resembles a training program in that it makes new employees acquainted with all nuances of the company’s business and allows them to learn from their managers and co-workers, providing them with a needed work experience along the way. Graduate students that are accepted for the Graduate Scheme do not get a permanent position within the company but are hired only for a fixed period of time that usually lasts for two years. Like trainees, people employed under the Graduate Scheme may work in different departments and perform a wide range of tasks. Although such working arrangements may be stressful at times, being rotated between departments and even locations is beneficial for employees’ professional growth. By working on different projects, employees quickly deepen their knowledge of the field and the company and hone a lot of various skills. In other respects, the job under the Graduate Scheme is similar to regular job. Payments for it are also generous: starting salaries are £40,000 per year, rising in some companies to £45,000 annually.

There are several Graduate Schemes available in the United Kingdom to graduate students after they have completed their degrees. Some of them are presented below:

  • The Graduate Scheme in Human Resources – If your ambition is to help a company to employ the most talented and resourceful candidates from the pool of applicants, you may apply for the Graduate Scheme in Human Resources and start working in the Human Resources department. In the UK, such organizations as BP, KPMG, and Tesco offer Graduate Programs in Human Resources.
  • The NHS Graduate Scheme – Those graduates who want to launch a career in the Healthcare Industry may apply for the NHS Graduate Scheme. The best programme offered by the NHS is the Graduate Management Training Scheme, where you will learn how to bring healthcare services in the UK to their highest level.
  • The Graduate Scheme in Consulting – This programme provides graduates opportunities to work in different areas from management consulting to consulting roles within IT, Human Resources, or Financial Sectors. Many UK organizations invite graduates to apply for their Graduate Schemes in Consulting. Among them are Accenture, ATOS, Deloitte, EY, Fujitsu, IBM, HP, KPMG, and PwC.
  • The Graduate Scheme in Marketing – Marketing is admittedly the fastest growing field, offering plenty of employment opportunities. Therefore, such large companies in the United Kingdom as the BBC, Sky, and Virgin Media have their own Graduate Schemes, inviting graduate students to try their hand in marketing. If your area of expertise is not the Media, you may apply for Marketing Graduate Schemes in the Mobile and Internet, Hospitality, Finance, Energy, Healthcare, and Retail Sectors.
  • The Sales Graduate Scheme – Being a good sales person requires dedication and talent. Depending on your personal taste and interests, you may apply for the Graduate Scheme in sales in different areas. If your hobby is technology, media, and communication, you may choose the Graduate Scheme by such companies as Microsoft, Apple, BT, and Virgin Media. Those students who are more attracted to the Fast-Moving Consumer Goods Industry may check out such organizations as Diageo, Mars, Nestlé, and Unilever, renowned not only for their products but also for the Graduate Schemes that they offer to their potential employees.   

How Can JobTestPrep Help?

JobTestPrep genuinely wants people to improve their lives. We understand that being accepted to one of the schemes mentioned on this page may be a life-changing event for applicants. Hence, we aspire to help you not only by providing information but also practically. If you need to pass tests or interviews to qualify for a scheme, we can help you sail through these stages of your application process with ease and confidence. To assist you most effectively, we have compiled an all-inclusive PrepPack™ that contains a rich arsenal of tests, from the Numerical Reasoning Test to the Logical Reasoning Test, Verbal Reasoning Test, Excel, Personality Test, and some others. Also included in our PrepPack™ are interview materials. By using the tips and answers to the most difficult interview questions contained in our Interview Kit, you will gain confidence and will be able to impress your interviewers with your personality and life goals. Practise with our high-quality materials and become qualified for any scheme that may make your life significantly better.   

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