The Standard Assessment Tests (SATs), officially known as the National Curriculum tests, are compulsory standardised tests taken by all seven and eleven year olds enrolled in government funded UK National Curriculum primary schools. The SATs are used to test teacher and school performance. Test results are also used to differentiate which students are outperforming the rest. Thus, there is a level of pressure involved in achieving exceptional scores. The SATs are often used to predict how well specific students will perform in their GCSE tests at the end of Year 11.

SATs Key Stages

Students are tested on subjects they have already covered in school. Students are expected to demonstrate the levels of national standard predetermined by the key stage curriculum. The Key Stage 1 (KS1) curriculum is meant to be finished by the end of Year 2, while the Key Stage 2 (KS2) curriculum is to be completed by the end of Year 6. For more information about what each SATs paper entails in each specific key stage, visit our Year 2 SATs page or our Year 6 SATs page.

What Subjects Are Involved on the SATs Papers? 

Students in each year are given three different papers comprising the compulsory sections of the SATs. The following table details each of the three SATs papers by the content included:

SATs Paper Subject

Included Content


Texts and passages including:

  • Fiction
  • Non-fiction
  • Poetry

SPAG (Spelling, Grammar, and Punctuation)

Sentences with grammatical, spelling, and punctuation errors are presented. Students are tasked with correcting the mistakes.


The Math paper is divided into 2–3 separate tests:

  • Arithmetic
  • Mathematical fluency and problem solving
  • Reasoning (KS2 only)

Teachers may also assess students in writing, speaking and listening, and sciences, but these subjects, also known as the Teacher Assessments, are administered by teachers and are used for teacher planning and benchmarking. Teacher Assessments do not require students to pass national standards. For more information about what is involved in each paper of the SATs, visit our SATs Maths Papers page or our SATs English Papers page.

SATs Results: Understanding the SATs Marking Schemes

Students are expected to demonstrate that they have achieved national standards, which in score terms is 100 for both KS1 and KS2. The National Curriculum expects 85% of all students in both key stages to reach a score of 100. Scores range between 85 at the lowest end and 115 at the highest. Those who do not perform up to national standards may need to be retested in the following school year.  

SATs taken in Year 2 for English and Maths are marked by the schoolteacher and may be sent to the Local Education Authority (LEA) for review and records. National curriculum scorers mark all SATs taken in Year 6. For a more extensive understanding of SATs test results according to year, visit our KS1 SATs page and KS2 SATs page accordingly.

SATs Free Samples

The following grammar question is an example of a question likely to be found on a SATs SPAG paper for KS2. For even more practice and free SATs samples, visit our Free SATs Sample Questions page

Answer & Explanation

The correct answer is 'that'. 

The answer choices are words called relative pronouns. A relative pronoun introduces a dependent (or relative) clause that describes a noun or a pronoun.

The five main relative pronouns are who, whom, whose, which, and that.
The relative pronouns who and whom give information about people.
The relative pronoun whose shows possession.
The relative pronouns that and which give necessary information about things or people.

The relative pronoun 'that' correctly introduces the dependent clause which gives necessary information about the sign on the street. Therefore, the correct answer is 'that'.

Preparing for the SATs

The best way to ensure your child performs well on the 2017 SATs this coming May is to study with the right practice materials and to allow for ample time to prepare. JobTestPrep offers a range of resources that supply students with the most comprehensive practice. Start preparing with our KS1 or KS2 SATs practice packs today to ensure your child performs up to national standards on test day. 

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What's Included