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Students in their 9th year in Australia take the NAPLAN. The NAPLAN Year 9 Test covers various numeracy, reading, language conventions, and writing skills, making it a hard test to study for. Students have between 40 to 65 minutes to complete different sections of the NAPLAN test.

Students in their ninth year take one numeracy test composed of two sections—a calculator permitted section (50 minutes long) and a non-calculator section (10 minutes long).

Year 9 students are tested on five different areas of mathematics:

**Algebra, function, and pattern**: In this field, students must evaluate algebraic expressions and relations to establish equivalences. Students may be asked to construct tables of values of functions following a simple rule or pattern and graph the results. Later, they should be able to interpret the resulted graph or the pattern established. Students may be asked to solve formal and informal linear equations and their equivalent forms.

**Measurement, chance, and data**: In this field, students use SI units to measure, compare, and apply simple measurement formulas. Students should be able to interpret empirical estimates of probabilities and compare theoretical probabilities with sample data. They may be asked to summarise sample data, calculate the average, and make informal inferences in response to hypotheses. Some of the questions may ask students to interpret data presented in a simple bivariate graph, variation between sets, and the effects of variation.

**Number**: In this field, students identify, compare, and order integers, decimals, key percentages, and common fractions, as well as recognise equivalent representations of common fractions, key percentages, and decimals. Students should be able to estimate square root ranges and compare rational and irrational numbers. They may be asked to add decimals with different decimal places or use simple ratios. Students should be able to calculate proportions, percentages, and rates, as well as estimate rational and irrational numbers and simple expressions. Some questions may ask students to calculate proportions, key percentages, money-based problems, time, and measurements.

**Space**: In this field, students should be familiar with common 2D shapes and 3D objects according to common properties, as well as be able to identify nets of objects and interpret 2D representations of 3D objects while calculating their surface area. Students can identify symmetry and congruence, and relate them to transformations and patterns using terms such as reflection, centre of rotation, and angle of rotation. They may be asked to modify congruent shapes to produce tessellations. Some questions may ask students to interpret plans and maps, find locations, and follow directions based on given coordinates.

**Working mathematically**: In this field, students focus on facts, procedures, and properties of rational numbers. They may be asked to solve diagrams that incorporate 2D shapes and 3D objects; calculate with the four operations and approximations; and read and interpret graphs, tables, or other sources. Students may be asked to calculate properties of 2D shapes and 3D objects or group objects based on shared properties.

Read more about NAPLAN Numeracy here or practise with our free sample questions now.

The NAPLAN Language Conventions test assesses three components of English writing:

**Spelling:**Students should be able to recognise and correct errors in most multi-syllable words with regular spelling patterns and in some less common words with irregular spelling patterns.

**Grammar**and**Punctuation:**Students should be able to identify passage tense, comparative adjectives, contractions, and the purpose of italics and dashes. For example, students may be asked to identify words that function as verbs, use commas to locate clauses, and understand the purpose of colons.

Read more about NAPLAN Language Conventions here.

Year 9 students are presented with a wide range of texts that combine and utilise descriptions, explanations, instruction, argument, and narration. These texts are more difficult in nature since they contain unfamiliar vocabulary, complex sentence structure, detailed information, and intricate figurative language. After reading the texts, students are asked to demonstrate their level of reading comprehension by analysing the text and its ideas and answering questions listed in a separate booklet.

Questions about a complex narrative may ask students to:

- Interpret descriptive texts, figurative language, and dialogue.
- Locate information stated in the text.
- Connect ideas across a paragraph or across the text to analyse the characters.
- Identify the main idea.
- Interpret and evaluate a character’s behaviour and opinion.
- Utilise the dialogue to describe and analyse a character.
- Interpret the reasons for a character's behaviour.
- Understand the effect of a sentence's length.

Questions about a poem may ask students to:

- Identify the main idea.

Questions about a complex biographical text may ask students to:

- Locate information stated in the text.

Questions about a complex information text may ask students to:

- Connect ideas between the introduction, the body of the text, and the corresponding illustrations.
- Locate information stated in the text.
- Identify the main idea of a detail, a paragraph, a corresponding diagram, and the text as a whole.
- Identify the intended audience.
- Identify conventions used in a text, such as abbreviations or italics.

Questions about a persuasive text may ask students to:

- Connect ideas across arguments or the text as a whole.
- Identify the tone of an argument.

read more about NAPLAN Reading here.

Year 9 students are required to write a response to either a narrative or a persuasive stimulus. They should be able to choose and spell words correctly, utilise appropriate diction, and construct correctly complex compound sentences. Furthermore, their writing should contain a range of appropriate connectives and conjunctions to link text sections and sentences. They should use be able to apply correct punctuation and grammar most of the time.

**Persuasive writing:**Students are expected to write a response with an introduction, a body, and a conclusion and to utilise paragraphs to organise related ideas. Their position should be clearly stated and their argument should be supported using elaborated reasoning and a range of persuasive devices.

**Narrative writing:**Students are expected to write a story with a beginning, a complication, and an ending. The story should be segmented into paragraphs that focus on a central idea or a set of similar ideas. The story should have context developed using detail, description, and characterisation.

Read more about NAPLAN Writing here.

Australian students take the NAPLAN test in their 9th year. The NAPLAN assesses the numeracy and literacy skills that shape the academic future and college career of these students. Therefore, it is important to develop a deep comprehension of the material tested by the NAPLAN. JobTestPrep offers an online NAPLAN practice pack that contains NAPLAN practice tests, study guides, writing tasks, and in-depth answer explanations. Start preparing with JobTestPrep today!

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