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Students in their 5th year in Australia take the NAPLAN. The NAPLAN Year 5 Test reviews various aspects of numeracy, reading, language conventions, and writing. Students are given between 40 to 50 minutes to finish each of the NAPLAN test sections.


NAPLAN Numeracy Year 5

Year 5 students are tested on five different areas of mathematics:

  • Algebra, function, and pattern: In this field, students should be able to identify the underlying rule of number sentences composed of whole numbers using addition or subtraction. They must be able to recognise number relations and use tables or graphs to predict change in sequence. Students should recognise equivalent patterns in number sentences and familiar contexts. They may also be asked to recognise and describe numerical and spatial patterns in different forms.
  • Measurement, chance, and data: In this field, students measure and compare properties of objects using the appropriate units. They should be able to read and interpret graphs, charts, and tables; identify relations based on data variations; and make predictions. Students may be asked to read times on analogue and digital clocks and know how to use and read timetables and calendars.
  • Number: In this field, students should demonstrate mastery of the four basic operations as well as number relationships. Students are expected to recognise, read, compare, and order whole numbers up to four digits as well as multiply and divide by 10 or 100. They should also be familiar with common fractions and decimals and know how to add and subtract numbers with the same number of decimal places or in monetary context. To prepare for this section, students should memorise basic addition and subtraction as well as number properties to assist in calculations.
  • Space: In this field, students should be familiar with common 2D and 3D shapes in different perspectives as well as spatial patterns and tessellations. Students should also be familiar with transformations of symmetrical and asymmetrical shapes. They may be asked to use conventions to interpret simple maps, grids, and plans and to follow directions based on coordinates.
  • Working mathematically: In this field, students should demonstrate their knowledge of familiar terms, number and shape properties, basic processes, and fractions. The should recognise common objects in simple diagrams, equivalent forms of whole numbers, and simple expressions, as well as calculate with whole numbers, decimals with the same decimal places, and fractions with the same denominators. They may be asked to analyse number scales, tables, graphs, and pictographs, or to group objects, shapes, and numbers based on properties. Some of the questions may ask students to complete number sentences using a single operation, to analyse patterns to find the underlying rule, and to follow instructions.

 Read more about NAPLAN Numeracy here or practise with our free sample questions now.


NAPLAN Language Conventions Year 5

The NAPLAN Language Conventions test assesses three components of English writing:

  • Spelling: Students should be able to recognise and correct errors in most one-syllable and two-syllable words as well as words with double letters, irregular spelling patterns, and compound words.
  • Grammar and Punctuation: Students should be able to recognise general language conventions, such as conjunctions, verb forms, and punctuation. For example, students may be asked to combine sentences using the correct conjunction or to find the correct verb form, adverb, or pronoun required to complete a sentence. They may also be asked to capitalise direct speech or to use question marks and speech marks correctly.

Read more about NAPLAN Language Conventions here.


NAPLAN Reading Year 5

Year 5 students are presented with a range of texts, including biographies, autobiographies, and persuasive texts such as advertisements. These texts vary in sentence structure and vocabulary, with the more complicated words supported by the text and the illustrations accompanying it. After reading the texts, students are asked to demonstrate their understanding of the text and the corresponding illustrations by answering questions listed in a separate booklet.

Questions about a short narrative may ask students to:

  • Locate information stated in the text.
  • Understand, connect, and interpret ideas presented in the text.
  • Recognise the relationship between the illustrations and the text.
  • Identify relationships of cause and effect.
  • Analyse the nature, behaviour, and motivation of characters.

Questions about an information text may ask students to:

  • Locate information stated in the text.
  • Identify relationships of cause and effect.
  • Determine the main purpose and function of details, diagrams, and illustrations.
  • Infer the meaning of a phrase in the context of the text.
  • Infer the main idea of the text.

Questions about biographies or autobiographies may ask students to:

  • Infer the main purpose of the text.
  • Understand, connect, and interpret ideas presented in the text.
  • Analyse the impact of an event on the narrator.
  • Infer the meaning of an idiomatic phrase or a figurative expression in the context of the text.

Questions about persuasive texts may ask students to:

  • Locate information stated in the text.
  • Infer the main idea of a paragraph and of the text.

 read more about NAPLAN Reading here.


NAPLAN Writing Year 5

Year 5 students are required to write a response to either a narrative or a persuasive stimulus. Their responses tend to contain both correctly structured simple and compound sentences. In addition, students are usually able to correctly link between them. Most of the grammar, spelling, and punctuation is also correct, albeit simple.

  • Persuasive writing: Students are expected to write a response that contains a position on the given topic as well as which provides some contextual evidence, reasoning, and argument. Their responses tend to be simple and not very elaborate. They may include some persuasive devices and precise diction.
  • Narrative writing: Students are expected to write a story containing a few related but not well-developed ideas. They establish some context using briefly described setting and characters. The characterisation, diction, and setting are also simple, though students may use some precise diction and correctly structured sentences.

Read more about NAPLAN Writing here.


NAPLAN Practice Tests Year 5 – Online

The NAPLAN test is taken by Australian students in their 5th year. It thus plays an important role in shaping their academic future. Since the test focuses on students' skills, it is not a test students can cram for the night before. Rather, it is a crucial test to prepare for. JobTestPrep offers an online NAPLAN practice pack that contains NAPLAN practice tests, study guides, writing tasks, and in-depth answer explanations. These practice materials were designed to ensure your child gets the very best preparation possible for the NAPLAN.


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