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What Is the Manager?

The Manager is an employee who is responsible for leading employees of the organization, departments, or functions within it. Depending on the industry or the company’s specialization, Managers have different duties and perform different tasks. There are a lot of various responsibilities assigned to this job function. In some of the organizations, Managers are considered to be only those people to whom report other employees. In other companies, the title of the Manager is given also to those people who bear responsibility over a functional area; this type of managers does not necessarily have reporting staff.

Another defining feature of this role is that Managers are directly involved with people: they either serve customers, offer services, produce and sell goods to customers, or provide internal support to others. Herein lies the major difference between Managers and Presidents of the organization. Unlike Managers, Presidents put efforts into developing business strategies, coordinating different issues within their organization, and making investments. Connected to other employees and customers, Managers help the top leaders turn their strategies into reality and assist them with fulfilling the company objectives and goals, driving the company’s business forward. Managers also serve as a valuable link between the top leaders and employees working in the company.  In the organization chart, the Managers appear between the Director, the Assistant Director above them and the Middle Managers, employees, free lancers, contract employees, and part-time employees, below them.

What Responsibilities Do Managers Shoulder?

Managers have different responsibilities, depending on the industry in which they work and on the specialization of their organization. But there are responsibilities that all managers share to a greater or lesser degree:

  • Planning – Managers are responsible for planning different operations in the sphere which they supervise. In addition to operations, managers plan functions as well. The main point of planning is to envisage how operations and functions will better contribute to the furtherance of the whole company’s mission and goals.
  • Organizing – Even a more important duty of managers is organizing of the work. They look after every step of the production of a project. As people closely involved with other employees and customers, managers also organize the workforce. Responsible for bringing projects to fruition, they also find and organize resources needed for their completion. In some companies, managers also bear the responsibility for training employees. As with planning, organizing of projects and employees is also directed towards the fulfillment of the company’s major purposes.
  • Directing – Managers are defined as leaders. They bring other employees to the successful completion of their projects and the fulfilment of their missions. Providing guidance and support to people who work with them on the same tasks, Managers ensure that the company reaches the goals set up by the top management.
  • Monitoring – Managers are responsible for the success of projects at every stage of their development. They are thus expected to keep their finger on the pulse and respond appropriately to all changes occurring in the process. Managers also make certain that all employees involved in the projects do their job well and work in the spirit of cooperation with each other.
  • Evaluating – Managers need to know how to measure the success of employees’ work. It is up to them to encourage and reward employees not only at the completion of the projects on which they work but during their development. They are required constantly to assess whether the work is organized correctly and is going according to the initial plan. Their measurement should be just and reliable.

What Kind of Manager Can You Be?

Every organization employs different types of managers, depending on its specialization and the industry in which it functions. The most popular types of managers found in many organizations are the following:

The Senior Manager – This type of Managers takes on the responsibility for the overall operations of the company. The company’s profitability is also always on their agenda. Senior Managers join the top management in trying to reach the goal of maximizing the company’s efficiency, productivity, and performance. They ascertain that all tasks are carried out according to the plan they devised at the commencement of a project. Senior Managers oversee the performance of other managers and employees, establishing objectives and guidelines for them. In some companies, the Senior Manager is accountable for budget control.  

The Project Manager – The professionals having the title of the Project Manager manage projects; in other words, they plan and execute a project, setting out its goals and time limits. Projects Managers are the people whom other employees address, when they have questions about the project or notice lack of agreement between different departments in the organization. The main goal of the Project Manager is to maintain the progress, cooperation, and tasks of employees engaged in the project and, in so doing, to ensure its success and increase benefits and earnings for the company. While employees are putting heads together to work on the shared project, the Project Manager is making certain that all team members perform their roles correctly and know exactly what responsibilities are laid at their peers’ door.  Like Senior Managers, Project Managers develop the project plans and, depending on the industry, may also manage the project stakeholders. Project Managers are accountable for managing the project’s risks, ensuring that it does not fail in the end. They see to it that the project is completed according to the schedule and delivered to the overall satisfaction of the higher management and clients.  

The General Manager – This kind of the Manager bears a broad, overall responsibility for a business or a business unit within the company. Considered to be the top executive for the unit, the General Manager is responsible for strategy, structure, budgets, employees, and financial outcomes. If they work in large organizations, they are situated below a corporate executive in the organization chart, whom they consult and to whom they report about the work they are assigned to do. Among the duties the General Manager has are overseeing daily operations of the organization, implementing business strategies, managing employees in the organization, pursuing targeted goals, managing hiring and talent development programs, and deciding on how better to invest in equipment, infrastructure, and people.

The Operational Support Manager – This individual provides clients and other employees with technical support. Operational Managers are accountable for managing daily technical operations for the company by collecting and analysing metrics and assessing efficiency and proficiency of the entire Support Department. They give directions to the support team and resolve escalated operational problems. 

What Qualities Should the Manager Possess?

Apart from holding the bachelor’s or master’s degrees in business or management, or other related disciplines, managers are also expected to have certain character traits that will make them good leaders of others. Among these qualities are the following:

  • Good Strategic Thinking;
  • Effective Decision Making;
  • Analytical Thinking;
  • Excellent Organizational Skills;
  • Attention to Detail;
  • Good Interpersonal and Communication Skills;
  • Accountability;
  • Ability to Prioritise;
  • Honesty and Professional Integrity;
  • Flexibility;
  • Patience;
  • A Positive Attitude.

How Much Managers Earn in the United Kingdom?

The annual salary of Managers in the United Kingdom varies according to the type of management they do and the industry and company in which they work. Thus, the Business Manager earns on average £33,720 per year. The annual wages of the Retail Store Manager may reach £23,549. The Area Manager makes £41,000 annually. The average annual salary of the Human Resources Manager is £56,315.

JobTestPrep makes an all-out effort to bring job candidates to the successful culmination of their job search. We help applicants find managerial positions in the industry in which they specialize and in the company of their choice. To this end, we have compiled a high-quality PrepPack™ where we put together different test simulations and interview materials. Our accurate test simulations will sharpen those of your qualities and skills that are necessary to excel in the role of the Manager. Our answers to the most frequently asked interview questions and valuable tips will equip you with confidence that your recruiters will find impressive. Study with our nonparallel resources and start demonstrating your managerial qualities in your new workplace.    


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